Advertisement

Mammalian Biology

, Volume 98, Issue 1, pp 173–178 | Cite as

Jaguar density in a mosaic of disturbed/preserved areas in southeastern Mexico

  • Mircea G. Hidalgo-MihartaEmail author
  • Alejandro Jesús-de la Cruz
  • Fernando M. Contreras-Moreno
  • Rugieri Juárez-López
  • Yaribeth Bravata-de la Cruz
  • Diana Friedeberg
  • Pedro Bautista-Ramírez
Short communication

Abstract

Jaguar populations in Mexico have been extensively reduced to the point where the species is considered Endangered. In south-eastern Mexico, jaguar density estimations have focused in the largest Jaguar Conservation Units (JCUs) but are lacking for the small, isolated JCUs where natural habitats are usually combined with farming areas. We installed 103 camera trap stations across an area in the small and isolated JCU of Laguna de Terminos and estimated the jaguar density using spatially explicit capturerecapture (SECR) models with the sex of the identified jaguars as a covariate. We obtained 126 pictures of adult jaguars in 7052 camera trap days, corresponding to seven females, seven males and three individuals of unidentified sex. We estimated a density of 1.934 ± 0.529 jaguars/100 km2. Our jaguar density estimation was in the lower range of those reported elsewhere in preserved areas of south-eastern Mexico, probably because habitat quality has been reduced by agriculture and cattle grazing.

Keywords

Carnivore Conservation Panthera onca Laguna de Terminos Wetland 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andersen, L., Everatt, K.T., Somers, M.J., Purchase, G.K., 2012. Evidence for a resident population of cheetah in the Parque Nacional do Limpopo, Mozambique. S. Afr. J. Wild. Res. 42, 144–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, D.R., Burnham, K.P., 2002. Avoiding pitfalls when using information-theoretic methods. J. Wildl. Manage. 66, 912–918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aranda, M., 1996. Distribucióny abundancia del jaguar Pantheraonca (Carnivora; Felidae) en el estado de Chiapas, México. Acta Zool. Mex. (n.s.) 68, 45–52.Google Scholar
  4. Ávila-Nájera, D.M., Chávez, C., Lazcano-Barrero, M.A., Pérez-Elizalde, S., Alcántara-Carbajal, J.L., 2015. Estimación poblacional y conservación de felinos (Carnivora: Felidae) en el norte de Quintana Roo, México. Rev. Biol. Trop. 63, 799–813.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Borchers, D., Efford, M., 2008. Spatially explicit maximum likelihood methods for capture-recapture studies. Biometric. 64, 377–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boron, V., Tzanopoulos, J., Gallo, J., Barragan, J., Jaimes-Rodriguez, L., Schaller, G., Payán, E., 2016. Jaguar densities across human-dominated landscapes in Colombia: the contribution of unprotected areas to long term conservation. PLoS On. 11, e0153973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Calhoun, J.B., Casby, J.U., No. 55 1958. Calculation of Home Range and Density of Small Mammals. US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service.Google Scholar
  8. Carrera-Trevin˜o, R., Lira-Torres, I., Martínez-García, L., López-Hernández, M., 2016. El jaguar Panthera onca (Carnivora: Felidae) en la Reserva de la Biosfera “El Cielo”, Tamaulipas, México. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64, 1451–1468.Google Scholar
  9. Cavalcanti, S.M., Gese, E.M., 2010. Kill rates and predation patterns of jaguars (Panthera onca) in the southern Pantanal, Brazil. J. Mammal. 91, 722–736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ceballos, G., Zarza, H., Chávez, C., González-Maya, J.F., 2016. Ecology and conservation of jaguars in Mexico: state of knowledge and future challenges. In: Aguirre, A., Sukumar, R. (Eds.), Tropical Conservation: Perspectives on Local and Global Priorities. Oxford University Press, pp. 273–289.Google Scholar
  11. Chávez, C., 2010. Ecology and Conservation of Jaguar (Panthera onca) and Puma (Puma concolor) in the Calakmul Region, and its Implications for the Conservation of the Yucatan Peninsula. Universidad de Granada, Spain, PhD dissertation.Google Scholar
  12. Chávez, C., Ceballos, G., Medellín, R., Zarza, H., 2007. Primer Censo Nacional del Jaguar. In: Ceballos, G., Chávez, C., List, R., Zarza, H. (Eds.), Conservación y manejo del jaguar en México, estudios de caso y perspectivas. CONABIO, WWF, TELCEL YUNAM, pp. 133–141.Google Scholar
  13. Chávez, C., Zarza, H., de la Torre, A., Medellín, R., Ceballos, G., 2016. Distribución y estado de conservación del jaguar en México. In: Medellín, R., de la Torre, A., Zarza, H., Chávez, C., Ceballos, G. (Eds.), El jaguar en el siglo XXI: La perspectiva continental. Fondo de Cultura Económica, México, pp. 47–92.Google Scholar
  14. CONANP, 2009. Programa de acción para la conservación de la especie: Jaguar (Panthera onca). Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas. Distrito Federal, México.Google Scholar
  15. CONANP, 2015. Términos de referencia de los conceptos de apoyo de la convocatoria publicada el 27 de marzo de 2015 para solicitar apoyos para la ejecución de actividades del Programa de Conservación de Especies en Riesgo (PROCER) ejercicio fiscal 2015. Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas, México (Accessed 15 February 2018) https://doi.org/www.conanp.gob.mx/procer/pdf/procer_2015/Terminos_de_Referencia_PROCER_2015.pdf.Google Scholar
  16. CONANP, Jun. 14, 2018 https://doi.org/www.gob.mx/conanp/prensa/aumenta-la-poblacion-de-jaguar-en-mexico.html (Accessed 25 May 2019) 2018. Aumenta la población de jaguar en México. CONANP Official press release.
  17. de la Rosa-Velázquez, M.I., Tenorio, A.E., Perera, M.A.D., Argueta, A.O., Carbajal, M.I.E., 2017. Development stressors are stronger than protected area management: A case of the Pantanos de Centla Biosphere Reserve, Mexico. Land Use Polic. 67, 340–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. de la Torre, J.A., Medellín, R.A., 2011. Jaguars Pantheraonca in the Greater Lacandona Ecosystem, Chiapas, Mexico: population estimates and future prospects. Ory. 45, 546–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. de la Torre, J.A., González-Maya, J.F., Zarza, H., Ceballos, G., Medellín, R.A., 2017a. The jaguar’s spots are darker than they appear: assessing the global conservation status of the jaguar Panthera onca. Oryx, 1–16.Google Scholar
  20. de la Torre, J.A., Nún˜ez, J.M., Medellín, R.A., 2017b. Spatial requirements of jaguars and pumas in Southern Mexico. Mammal. Biol. 84, 52–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. du Preez, B.D., Loveridge, A.J., Macdonald, D.W., 2014. To bait or not to bait: a comparison of camera-trapping methods for estimating leopard Panthera pardus density. Biol. Conserv. 176, 153–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Efford, M.G., 2017. SECR: Spatially Explicit Capture-recapture in R (Accessed 15 February 2018) https://doi.org/cran.r-project.org/web/packages/secr/vignettes/secr-overview.pdf.Google Scholar
  23. Efford, M.G., Dawson, D.K., Borchers, D.L., 2009. Population density estimated from locations of individuals on a passive detector array. Ecolog. 90, 2676–2682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Figel, J.J., Ruíz-Gutiérrez, F., Brown, D.E., 2016. Densities and perceptions of jaguars in coastal Nayarit, Mexico. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 40, 506–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Foster, R.J., 2008. The Ecology of Jaguars in a Human-Influenced Landscape. University of Southampton, PhD Thesis.Google Scholar
  26. Gerber, B.D., Karpanty, S.M., Kelly, M.J., 2012. Evaluating the potential biases in carnivore capture-recapture studies associated with the use of lure and varying density estimation techniques using photographic-sampling data of the Malagasy civet. Pop. Ecol. 54, 43–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gutiérrez-González, C.E., Gómez-Ramírez, M.Á., López-González, C.A., 2012. Estimation of the density of the near threatened jaguar Panthera onca in Sonora, Mexico, using camera trapping and an open population model. Oryx 46, 431–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hidalgo-Mihart, M.G., Contreras-Moreno, F.M., Jesús de la Cruz, A., Juárez-López, R., Valera-Aguilar, D., Pérez-Solano, LA, Hernández-Lara, C., 2015. Registros recientes de jaguar en Tabasco, norte de Chiapas y oeste de Campeche, México. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. 86, 469–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hidalgo-Mihart, M.G., Contreras-Moreno, F.M., Jesús-de la Cruz, A., Juárez-López, R., 2017a. Validation of the Calakmul-Laguna de Terminos corridor for jaguars Panthera onca in south-eastern Mexico. Ory. 52, 292–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hidalgo-Mihart, M.G., Contreras-Moreno, F.M., Jesús-dela Cruz, A., Juárez-López, R., de la Cruz, Y.B., Pérez-Solano, LA., Hernández-Lara, C., Friedeberg, D., Thornton, D., Koller-González, J.M., 2017b. Inventory of medium-sized and large mammals in the wetlands of Laguna de Terminos and Pantanos de Centla, Mexico. Check Lis. 13, 711–726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. INEGI, 2015a. Anuario estadístico y geográfico de Campeche. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, Aguascalientes, pp. 385.Google Scholar
  32. INEGI, 2015b. Conjunto de Datos Vectoriales de Uso del Sueloy Vegetaciónescala 1:25. 000, serie V. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, Aguascalientes, México (Accessed 25 May 2019) https://doi.org/www.inegi.org.mx/geo/contenidos/recnat/usosuelo/default.aspx.Google Scholar
  33. Jedrzejewski, W., Puerto, M.F., Goldberg, J.F., Hebblewhite, M., Abarca, M., Gamarra, G., Calderón, L.E., Romero, J.F., Viloria, Á.L., Carren˜o, R., Robinson, H.S., 2017. Density and population structure of the jaguar (Panthera onca) in a protected area of Los Llanos, Venezuela, from 1 year of camera trap monitoring. Mammal Res. 62, 9–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Karanth, U.K., Nichols, J.D., Kumar, N.S., Hines, J.E., 2006. Assessing tiger population dynamics using photographic capture-recapture sampling. Ecolog. 87, 2925–2937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Leopold, A.S., 1965. Fauna Silvestre de México. Instituto Mexicano de Recursos Naturales Renovables, México City, Mexico.Google Scholar
  36. Macdonald, D.W., Mosser, A., Gittleman, J.L., 2010. Felid society. In: Macdonald, D.W., Loveridge, A.J. (Eds.), Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 125–160.Google Scholar
  37. Ocan˜a, D., Lot, A., 1996. Estudio de la vegetación acuática vascular del sistema fluvio-lagunar-deltaico del río Palizada, en Campeche, México. An. Inst. Biol. Serie Botánic. 67, 303–327, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.Google Scholar
  38. Olson, D.M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E.D., Burgess, N.D., Powell, G.V., Underwood, E.C., D’amico, J.A., Itoua, I., Strand, H.E., Morrison, J.C., Loucks, C.J., 2001. Ecoregions of the World: a New Map of Life on Earth. A new global map of terrestrial ecoregions provides an innovative tool for conserving biodiversity. BioScienc. 51, 933–938.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Paviolo, A., De Angelo, CD., Di Blanco, Y.E., Di Bitetti, M.S., 2008. Jaguar Panthera onca population decline in the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest of Argentina and Brazil. Ory. 42, 554–561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Petit, M., Denis, T., Rux, O., Richard-Hansen, C., Berzins, R., 2017. Estimating jaguar (Panthera onca) density in a preserved coastal area of French Guiana. Mammali. 82, 188–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Quigley, H., Foster, R., Petracca, L., Payan, E., Salom, R., Harmsen, B., 2017. Panthera onca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T15953A50658693.,  https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017–3.RLTS.T15953A50658693.en (Accessed 25 May 2019).Google Scholar
  42. Rabinowitz, A., Zeller, K.A., 2010. A range-wide model of landscape connectivity and conservation for the jaguar, Pantheraonca. Biol. Conserv. 143, 939–945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rodríguez-Soto, C., Monroy-Vilchis, O., Maiorano, L., Boitani, L., Faller, J.C., Briones, M.A., Nún˜ez, R., Rosas-Rosas, O., Ceballos, G., Falcucci, A., 2011. Predicting potential distribution of the jaguar (Panthera onca) in Mexico: identification of priority areas for conservation. Divers. Distrib. 17, 350–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sanderson, E.W., Redford, K.H., Chetkiewicz, C.B., Medellin, R.A., Rabinowitz, A.R., Robinson, J.G., Taber, A.B., 2002. Planning to save a species: the jaguar as a model. Cons. Biol. 16, 58–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. SEMARNAT, 2010. Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-059- SEMARNAT-2010, Protección ambiental-Especies nativas de México de flora y fauna silvestres-Categorías de riesgo y especificaciones para su inclusión, exclusión o cambio-Lista de especies en riesgo. Diario Oficial de la Federación, México, 30 de diciembre de 2010.Google Scholar
  46. Silver, S.C., Ostro, L.E.T., Marsh, L.K., Maffei, L., Noss, A.J., Kelly, M.J., Wallace, R.B., Gómez, H., Ayala, G., 2004. The use of camera traps for estimating jaguar Panthera onca abundance and density using capture/recapture analysis. Ory. 38, 148–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sollmann, R., Furtado, M.M., Gardner, B., Hofer, H., Jácomo, A.T.A., Tórres, N.M., Silveira, L., 2011. Improving density estimates for elusive carnivores: accounting for sex-specific detection and movements using spatial capture-recapture models for jaguars in central Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 144, 1017–1024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Soto-Galera, E., Piera, J., López, P., 2010. Spatial and temporal land cover changes in Terminos Lagoon Reserve. Mexico. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58, 565–575.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  49. Tobler, M.W., Powell, G.V., 2013. Estimating jaguar densities with camera traps: problems with current designs and recommendations for future studies. Biol. Conserv. 159, 109–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tobler, M.W., Carrillo-Percastegui, S.E., Hartley, A.Z., Powell, G.V., 2013. High jaguar densities and large population sizes in the core habitat of the southwestern Amazon. Biol. Conserv. 159, 375–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zarco-González, M.M., Monroy-Vilchis, O., Alaníz, J., 2013. Spatial model of livestock predation by jaguar and puma in Mexico: conservation planning. Biol. Cons. 159, 80–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mircea G. Hidalgo-Miharta
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alejandro Jesús-de la Cruz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fernando M. Contreras-Moreno
    • 1
    • 4
  • Rugieri Juárez-López
    • 1
  • Yaribeth Bravata-de la Cruz
    • 1
  • Diana Friedeberg
    • 2
  • Pedro Bautista-Ramírez
    • 3
  1. 1.División Académica de Ciencias BiológicasUniversidad Juárez Autónoma de TabascoVillahermosaMexico
  2. 2.Panthera MexicoSan Miguel de AllendeGuanajuatoMexico
  3. 3.Instituto Tecnológico Superior de los RíosAcademia de Ingeniería AmbientalBalancánMexico
  4. 4.Proyecto GEF Especies en Riesgo. CONANP-PNUDReserva de la Biósfera de CalakmulCalakmulMexico

Personalised recommendations