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Mammalian Biology

, Volume 78, Issue 6, pp 482–485 | Cite as

Winter locomotor activity pa6tterns of European hares (Lepus europaeus)

  • M. ZaccaroniEmail author
  • N. Biliotti
  • A. Buccianti
  • S. Calieri
  • M. Ferretti
  • M. Genghini
  • F. Riga
  • V. Trocchi
  • F. Dessì-Fulgheri
Short Communication

Abstract

In this study, activity patterns of the European hare (Lepus europaeus) were analyzed during winter using global positioning system (GPS) collars on 24 hares in two study areas located in central Italy. We programmed the collars to collect 12 location points per day, for a duration of three months. Results show two distinct phases of activities related to the day-night cycle. The daytime phase is characterized by inactivity at the form while the second phase is characterized by movements. Males were more active than females, showing a constant locomotor activity during the whole night. Females showed two peaks of activity during the night with a reduction in the middle of this time period. The comparison between females of the two study areas showed difference in interfix distance in particular around sunset and sunrise. In fact the minimum daily movement between the two areas shows that foraging sites of area B are more distant than those of area A. The recent possibility to apply GPS collars on small-medium mammals provides a powerful instrument to study the behavioral ecology of the European hare, and consequently promote an effective population management strategy for the species conservation.

Keywords

European hare Locomotor activity Lepus europaeus GPS 

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Copyright information

© Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Zaccaroni
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Biliotti
    • 1
  • A. Buccianti
    • 2
  • S. Calieri
    • 1
  • M. Ferretti
    • 3
  • M. Genghini
    • 4
  • F. Riga
    • 4
  • V. Trocchi
    • 4
  • F. Dessì-Fulgheri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversità di FirenzeFirenzeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesUniversità di FirenzeFirenzeItaly
  3. 3.Provincia di Pistoia Wildlife Management OfficePiazza San LeonePistoiaItaly
  4. 4.Institute for Environmental Research and ProtectionOzzano EmiliaItaly

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