Theoretical and experimental evaluation of the low m/z transmission of an electrodynamic ion funnel
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- Page, J.S., Tolmachev, A.V., Tang, K. et al. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom (2006) 17: 586. doi:10.1016/j.jasms.2005.12.013
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The transmission of ions at low m/z can often be either necessary for an application or problematic (e.g., when large numbers of low m/z ions consume a large fraction of an ion trap’s capacity). The low m/z ion transmission limit of an electrodynamic ion funnel has been characterized using both experimental and theoretical approaches. A theoretical model is developed based on a series of infinite wire conductors that represent the ring electrodes of the ion funnel. Mathematical relationships for both low and high m/z cutoffs of the idealized two-dimensional system are derived. The low m/z cutoff is also evaluated through a series of experiments that show it is influenced by both the RF frequency and the DC electric field gradient. However, unlike multipole ion guides, there is no marked dependence of the low m/z cutoff on the RF amplitude, in agreement with theoretical results. With this new understanding, ion funnels can be designed and configured to better match the m/z range requirements for various applications.