Characterization of low molecular weight components of [(ViMe2SiO1/2)x(PhSiO3/2)y(SiO4/2)z], [(ViMe2SiO1/2)x(SiO4/2)y], and [(SiO4/2)x(HO1/2)y(tBuO1/2)z] silsesquioxanes by electrospray ionization fourier transform mass spectrometry (ESI-FTMS)
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- Chen, H., Bujalski, D.R. & Su, K. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom (2005) 16: 524. doi:10.1016/j.jasms.2005.01.001
This paper describes the characterization of low molecular weight components of four materials using electrospray ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry (ESI-FTMS). The materials in the current study are [(ViMe2SiO1/2)x(PhSiO3/2)y(SiO4/2)z] (MTQ), [(ViMe2SiO1/2)x(SiO4/2)y] (MQ), and [(SiO4/2)x(HO1/2)y(tBuO1/2)z] (Q) silsesquioxanes. Accurate mass measurements coupled with knowledge of resin chemistry afforded siloxane composition determination that was used to propose specific structures for the oligomers. Branched or linear (TnQmMn+2m+2), and monocyclic (TnQmMn+2m) structures are predominant structures for the low molecular weight species in MTQ. For MQ and Q, more condensed structures, such as partially opened cage structures (QmM2m−6 and QmM2m−8), were identified. The differences between MQ, Q, and MTQ are likely attributed to differences in intrinsic structure and reactivity of T and Q building blocks. The structural information obtained for these oligomeric species will ultimately provide a better understanding of new resin materials and their associated physical properties.