Ferrocenoyl piperazide as derivatizing agent for the analysis of isocyanates and related compounds using liquid chromatography/electrochemistry/mass spectrometry (LC/EC/MS)

Focus: Electrochemistry Combined With MS

Abstract

Ferrocenoyl piperazide is introduced as a new pre-column derivatizing agent for the analysis of various isocyanates in air samples using reversed-phase liquid chromatographic separation, electrochemical oxidation/ionization, and mass spectrometry. The nonpolar derivatives can be separated well using a phenyl-modified stationary phase and a formic acid/ammonium formate buffer of pH 3, which yields excellent separations, especially for one problematic group of isocyanates consisting of 2,4- and 2,6-toluylenediisocyanate (2,4- and 2,6-TDI) and hexamethylenediisocyanate (HDI). Electrochemical oxidation at low potentials (0. 5 V versus Pd/H2) leads to formation of charged products, which are nebulized in a commercial atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) source, with the corona discharge operated only at low voltage. Limits of detection between 6 and 20 nmol/L are obtained for the isocyanate derivatives, and calibration is linear over at least two decades of concentration. The method is applied for the analysis of air after thermal degradation of a polyurethane foam, and it is demonstrated that it is suitable as well for the analysis of carboxylic acid chlorides and of isothiocyanates.

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Copyright information

© American Society for Mass Spectrometry 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Analysis and MESA+ Institute for NanotechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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