Optimization of Friction Welding Process Parameters for Joining Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel

  • R. PaventhanEmail author
  • P. R. Lakshminarayanan
  • V. Balasubramanian


Friction welding is a solid state joining process used extensively currently owing to its advantages such as low heat input, high production efficiency, ease of manufacture, and environment friendliness. Materials difficult to be welded by fusion welding processes can be successfully welded by friction welding. An attempt was made to develop an empirical relationship to predict the tensile strength of friction welded AISI 1040 grade medium carbon steel and AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel, incorporating the process parameters such as friction pressure, forging pressure, friction time and forging time, which have great influence on strength of the joints. Response surface methodology was applied to optimize the friction welding process parameters to attain maximum tensile strength of the joint. The maximum tensile strength of 543 MPa could be obtained for the joints fabricated under the welding conditions of friction pressure of 90 MPa, forging pressure of 90 MPa, friction time of 6 s and forging time of 6 s.

Key words

friction welding stainless steel response surface methodology optimization 


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Copyright information

© China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Paventhan
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. R. Lakshminarayanan
    • 1
  • V. Balasubramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Materials Joining Research (CEMAJOR), Department of Manufacturing EngineeringAnnamalai UniversityAnnamalainagarIndia

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