Effect of Magnesium on Inclusion Formation in Ti-Killed Steels and Microstructural Evolution in Welding Induced Coarse-Grained Heat Affected Zone

  • Feng ChaiEmail author
  • Cai-fu Yang
  • Hang Su
  • Yong-quan Zhang
  • Zhou Xu


Effects of Mg on the chemical component and size distribution of Ti-bearing inclusions favored grain refinement of the welding induced coarse-grained heat affected zone (CGHAZ), with enhanced impact toughness in Ti-killed steels, which were examined based on experimental observations and thermodynamic calculations. The results indicated that the chemical constituents of the inclusions gradually varied from the Ti-O+Ti-Mg-O compound oxide to the Ti-Mg-O+MgO compound oxide and the single-phase MgO, as the Mg content increased from 0.002 3% to 0.006%. A trace addition of Mg (approximately 0.002%) led to the refinement of Ti-bearing inclusions by creating the Ti-Mg-O compound oxide and provided favorable size distribution of the inclusions for acicular ferrite transformation with a high nucleation rate in the CGHAZ, and a high volume fraction of acicular ferrite was obtained in the CGHAZ with enhanced impact toughness. Otherwise, a high content of Mg (approximately 0.006%) produced a single-phase MgO, which was impotent to nucleate an acicular ferrite, and a microstructure comprised of a ferrite side plate and a grain boundary ferrite developed in the CGHAZ. The experimental results were confirmed by thermodynamic calculations.

Key words

non-metallic inclusion magnesium acicular ferrite coarse-grained heat affected zone (CGHAZ) 


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Copyright information

© China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feng Chai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cai-fu Yang
    • 1
  • Hang Su
    • 1
  • Yong-quan Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhou Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Iron and Steel Research InstituteBeijingChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Jiaotong UniversityShanghaiChina

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