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Multiparticle simulation of ion motion in the ion trap mass spectrometer: Resonant and direct current pulse excitation

  • R. K. Julian
  • M. Nappi
  • C. Weil
  • R. G. Cooks
Article

Abstract

A PC-based program that simulates the behavior of a collection of ions is extended to include the effects of collisions with the buffer gas and enhanced visualization methods. The simulations are based on the quadrupole field associated with the actual ion trap electrode structure. Ionization is simulated in such a way as to distribute ionization events randomly over rf phase angles and yield a realistic collection of stored ions. The effects of buffer gas collisions on ion motion during both mass-selective instability and resonance ejection scans are found to include the expected dampening of spatial excursions as well as limitation of the kinetic energy of trapped ions. In both experiments, ion ejection occurs over a number of secular cycles in the vicinity of the theoretical instability point. Activation via a resonant ac signal or a short dc pulse is shown to result in phase-locking of the ions as well as the expected increase in the size of the excursions in the z direction and in ion kinetic energy. Collisions cause dephasing and loss of kinetic energy. Radial dc activation is compared with activation in the axial direction. Experimental data for dc pulse activation of the n-butylbenzene molecular ion are analyzed in phase space and the onset of surface-induced dissociation is correlated with changes in the experimental m/z 91 to m/z 92 fragment ion ratio. Poincaré sections are shown for resonantly excited ions and their value in demonstrating improvement of the resolution of these experiments over conventional mass-selective instability scans is shown.

Keywords

Poincare Section Resonance Ejection Secular Cycle Internal Energy Deposition Resonant Ejection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© American Society for Mass Spectrometry 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Julian
    • 1
  • M. Nappi
    • 1
  • C. Weil
    • 1
  • R. G. Cooks
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryPurdue UruversltyWest Lafayette

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