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Retention of inorganic anions using mesoporous zirconia spheres modified with anion-exchange groups as the stationary phase for ion chromatography

Abstract

A zirconia (ZrO2) stationary phase with a chemically fixed silane coupling agent (trimethyl [3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]ammonium chloride; TMA), which possesses quaternary ammonium functional groups, is evaluated as a separation column for ion chromatography (IC) of anions. The selectivity for anions varies depending on the amount of TMA immobilized on the ZrO2. The TMA-ZrO2, with an anion-exchange capacity of 17 ± 3 µeq/g, shows an anion-exchange reaction that involves the specific retention of fluoride ion on ZrO2. The TMA-ZrO2 exhibits a decrease of the anion resolution with an increase of the eluent pH and an enhancement of the selective separation of fluoride ion with an increase of the column temperature. Through this study, the TMA–ZrO2 stationary phase shows potential as a new medium for ion separation.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by a grant from Daiichi Kigenso Kagaku Kogyo Co., LTD. We thank Edanz (https://jp.edanz.com/ac) for editing a draft of this manuscript.

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Correspondence to Masanobu Mori.

Supplementary Information

Supporting Information Table S1, and Figs. S1 – S3 are presented as supporting information. Table S1 summarizes dissociation energy and binding strength of several chemical bonds. Figure S1 shows structure of TMA. Figure S2 illustrates procedures to pack the particle into a column. Figure S3 shows theoretical plate numbers (N) of analyte anions to column temperatures. This material is available free of charge on the Web at http://www.jsac.or.jp/analsci/.

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Ikuta, Y., Shimono, K., Tsubouchi, Y. et al. Retention of inorganic anions using mesoporous zirconia spheres modified with anion-exchange groups as the stationary phase for ion chromatography. ANAL. SCI. 38, 563–569 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s44211-022-00066-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s44211-022-00066-x

Keywords

  • Zirconia
  • Anion separation
  • Ion chromatography
  • Temperature
  • Resolution