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Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of a Specific Group of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients Who Came Across Both Bracing and Surgery

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Background/Purpose of the Study

Changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of AIS patients coming across both bracing and surgery have not yet reported. These patients received two major clinical interventions and their HRQOL might be different from previous articles. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes of HRQOL of a specific group of AIS patients who experienced both bracing and surgery.


One hundred and twenty-eight patients requiring surgery with prior bracing treatment were identified from the electronic record. SRS-22 questionnaire was completed at 7 time points crossing both interventions (namely “Before”, “Bracing ≤ 1 year”, “Bracing > 1 year”, “Pre-op”, “Post-op”, “Post-op ≤ 1 year, and “Post-op 1-2 years”).


SRS-22 “Function”, “Pain” and “Self-image” scores were decreased from “Before” to “Bracing ≤ 1 year” when started bracing and raised at “Bracing > 1 year”. The 3 scores were dropped from “Bracing > 1 year” to “Pre-op”, particularly on “Self-image”. “Function” and “Pain” were significantly dropped from “Pre-op” to “Post-op” and kept raising until “Post-op 1–2 years”. “Self-image” was improving after “Pre-op”. “Mental” was relatively stable along the timeline.


This study described the changes in HRQOL of a specific group of AIS patients. Scores were dropped after the two major clinical interventions and recovered afterwards. Medical professionals were able to plan and provide appropriate supports on the expected changes in HRQOL, especially on function, pain and mental.

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Authors and Affiliations



W-WC: design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing, manuscript review, guarantor. AL-HH: concepts, design, definition of intellectual content, clinical studies, experimental studies, data acquisition, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing, manuscript review, guarantor.

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Correspondence to Alec Lik-Hang Hung.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the any of the authors.

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The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Chau, WW., Hung, A.LH. Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of a Specific Group of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients Who Came Across Both Bracing and Surgery. JOIO 55, 925–930 (2021).

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