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A critical review of 3D printing in construction: benefits, challenges, and risks

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Abstract

This paper provides a critical review of the related literature on 3D printing in construction. The paper discusses and evaluates the different 3D printing techniques in construction. The paper also discusses and categorizes the benefits, challenges, and risks of 3D printing in construction. The use of 3D printing technology offers several advantages over traditional methods. However, it comes with its own additional challenges and risks. The main benefits of 3D printing in construction include constructability and sustainability benefits. The challenges are categorized into seven groups. The main challenges, found through the literature, are material related. The most cited challenges are material printability, buildability, and open time. Additionally, scalability, structural integrity, and lack of codes and regulations are frequently cited as major challenges. The additional risks are categorized into seven groups: 3D printing material, 3D printing equipment, construction site, and environment, management, stakeholders, regulatory and economic, and cybersecurity risks. The paper fills a gap in the literature as it addresses a new aspect of 3D printing, which is risk. The paper also provides some insights, recommendations, and future research ideas.

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This work was supported in part by funding from the American University of Sharjah (Grant No. EFRG18-SCR-CEN-42).

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El-Sayegh, S., Romdhane, L. & Manjikian, S. A critical review of 3D printing in construction: benefits, challenges, and risks. Archiv.Civ.Mech.Eng 20, 34 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43452-020-00038-w

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