This study aimed to examine the changes in thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK) following correction surgery in patients with Lenke type 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and to evaluate its influence on postoperative spinal alignment and clinical outcomes.
Sixty-six patients with Lenke type 5C AIS were included and followed up for a minimum of 5 years after surgery. First, the patients were divided into two groups according to the preoperative TLK angle (Study 1; Kyphosis and Lordosis group). The patients were further classified into two groups according to the presence or absence of postoperative changes in TLK (Study 2; Changed and Maintained groups). Finally, the outcome variables were compared between these groups and analyzed for spinal alignment and clinical outcomes.
In Study 1, patients demonstrated a significant kyphotic change in the Lordosis group and a significant lordotic change in the Kyphosis group postoperatively. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups when comparing the pre- and postoperative coronal and sagittal alignment. In Study 2, there were no statistically significant differences between the Changed and the Maintained groups in each spinal alignment pre- and postoperatively. Each domain of the Scoliosis Research Society 22-item questionnaire remained unchanged at 5 years postoperation.
In many patients with Lenke type 5C AIS, TLK changed significantly and approached 0° after surgery. However, the magnitude of the preoperative TLK and the presence or absence of improvement did not affect postoperative spinal alignment. Furthermore, the patients had satisfactory clinical outcomes irrespective of TLK modification.
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The authors would like to thank Editage (https://www.editage.jp/) for the English language review.
We have received no funding for this study.
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There are no conflicts of interest to declare.
This study was approved by the Committee on Ethics and Institutional Review Board of Keio University School of Medicine. The procedures used in the present study adhere to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki.
All participants provided informed consent before inclusion in the study.
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Okubo, T., Suzuki, S., Ozaki, M. et al. Influence of thoracolumbar kyphosis on postoperative spinal alignment in patients with Lenke type 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine Deform (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43390-023-00782-y