Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis-Specific Exercise (PSSE) is a conservative approach for management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Although there is Level I evidence for the efficacy of PSSE, compliance in the teenage population remains in question. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between completion of formal PSSE training and compliance to prescribed home exercise programs (HEP).
Patients with AIS evaluated at our institution between 2013 and 2015 with a minimum of one PSSE session were enrolled. A chart review and questionnaire completed by caregivers was utilized to assess HEP compliance following the final PSSE session at 1 week, 3 months, 1 year, and 2 years. Patients were divided into two groups, those completing formal training (10 or more PSSE sessions), and those who did not complete formal training (fewer than 10 sessions).
81 patients were identified (mean age of 13.1 years; major curve of 31.3°). Patients who completed training demonstrated 50% compliance at 1 week (vs. 25.6% for non-completers, Odds Ratio (OR): 2.9, p = 0.027), 41.2% at 3 months (vs. 18.9% for non-completers, OR: 3.0, p = 0.044), 23.5% at 1 year (vs. 13.5% for non-completers, OR: 2.0, p = 0.281), and 25.7% at 2 years (vs. 13.5% for non-completers, OR: 2.2, p = 0.197). The mean HEP duration (minutes) in patients who completed training was higher at 1 week (80.8 vs. 48, p = 0.010), 3 months (64.6 vs. 23.7, p ≤ 0.001), 1 year (35.3 vs. 22.7, p = 0.270), and 2 years (34.3 vs. 18.9, p = 0.140).
Patients who completed PSSE training maintained higher HEP compliance.
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Simhon, M.E., Fields, M.W., Grimes, K.E. et al. Completion of a formal physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercise training program for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis increases patient compliance to home exercise programs. Spine Deform 9, 691–696 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43390-020-00253-8
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
- Physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercise
- Patient compliance