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Geographical distribution and conservation status of Goias parakeet, Pyrrhura pfrimeri (Aves: Psittacidae), endangered endemism of dry forests in karst reliefs in Central Brazil

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Abstract

The Goias parakeet, Pyrrhura pfrimeri, is an endemic and threatened species of the seasonal deciduous forest formations (dry forests), associated with riparian formations and limestone outcrops in the Paranã River Basin, in central Brazil. The reduction of more than 70% of its habitat, between 1977 and 2008, reflected in estimated population declines also greater than 70% of the species population. Given the lack of recent information on P. pfrimeri, this study aims to review the limits of the geographic distribution of the species, as well as to evaluate the conservation status of the species based on the extent of occurrence (EOO), area of occupation (AOO), and in updated population estimates. Altogether, the 144 records (historical and recent) of P. pfrimeri compiled determined a new geographic distribution of the species with an area of 11,688.63 km2. The EOO and AOO calculations indicate P. pfrimeri as Endangered (AOO of 456 km2 using the GEOCAT web application). Population size and number of mature individual estimates indicate P. pfrimeri as Endangered with a reduction of 58.4–67.4% in the past 13 years (three generations). However, it is important to point out that between 1995 and 2020, the estimates indicated a reduction of at least 90% of the population and also mature individuals. The current population trend is declining, highlighting the urgent need for conservation actions.

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Acknowledgements

We are also grateful to Wagner José de Moura, Fernando Morais, Narcisa Cordeiro, Luiz Mata Grande, Wagner José de Oliveira, Domingos Morro Preto, Derval Gomes, Renato Torres Pinheiro, Filipe Pesqueiro, Edson Ribeiro Luiz, Dianes Gomes Marcelino, Dieyson Moura, Carlos Eduardo Agne, and Lia Nahomi among other people for important logistical support and collaboration provided in conducting the field work. We also grateful to owners of the properties visited for the authorization to the fieldworks in your lands. CBDC thanks DBO Engenharia for the logistics during the field work carried out in 2016. TD thanks to Lauana Costa Nogueira and Hericlei Severo dos Anjos for the structure and support provided during their visit to APA Nascentes do Rio Vermelho and, still, to Cassio Dornas de Oliveira for assistance in developmet of the maps and in the about SIG information. TD is grateful to Postgraduate Program in Environmental Sciences of the Tocantins Federal University (PPG Ciências do Ambinente/UFT) for the current postdoctoral scholarship.

Funding

The research received financial support to fund the fieldwork from the American Bird Conservancy and the Neotropical Bird Club, mainly between 2019 and 2021, and Fundação O Boticário between 2012 and 2014. TD thanks to CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) and Postgraduate Program in Environmental Sciences of the Tocantins Federal University (PPG Ciências do Ambinente/UFT) for the current postdoctoral scholarship (process 88887.351860/2019–00).

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Correspondence to Tulio Dornas.

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Associate Editor: Rafael A. Dias

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Dornas, T., De-Carvalho, C.B. & Hennessey, B. Geographical distribution and conservation status of Goias parakeet, Pyrrhura pfrimeri (Aves: Psittacidae), endangered endemism of dry forests in karst reliefs in Central Brazil. Ornithol. Res. 31, 79–92 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43388-023-00123-7

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