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First record of courtship display of Strix huhula (Strigiformes: Strigidae) in the Brazilian Western Amazon

A Correction to this article was published on 09 August 2021

This article has been updated


Although reproductive behavior is of general interest in evolutionary studies, ecology, and conservation of biodiversity, there are relatively few records on courtship behavior for several animal groups, which include birds, one of the most well-studied vertebrates. Herein we report novel information on a poorly known Neotropical owl species, by reporting courtship displays of the Black-banded Owl (Strix huhula), registered in the Brazilian western Amazon. We describe two events of courtship exhibited by a pair of S. huhula, including vocalization patterns, body movements, and courtship feeding, which suggests that this species possess complex social behavior. Our study provides pivotal information to the understanding of the reproductive biology of the Black-banded Owl and others owl species with similar patterns of reproduction and courtship behavior.

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All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this manuscript.

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All authors contributed to the development of the study. The text of the manuscript was written and approved by all authors.

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Correspondence to Marllus Rafael Negreiros de Almeida.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

This article was updated to delete the reference to Menq, 2013 in the introduction and in the caption for figure 1 text was changed to read: vocalization of presumed female (a).

Communicated by Lilian Manica

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de Almeida, M.R.N., da Costa, J.G., Karlokoski, A. et al. First record of courtship display of Strix huhula (Strigiformes: Strigidae) in the Brazilian Western Amazon. Ornithol. Res. 29, 79–83 (2021).

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  • Courtship feeding
  • Neotropical owl
  • Reproductive behavior
  • Sexual display