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Effects of ZnO and cordierite contents on the wetting properties of a Bi2O3–ZnO–B2O3 glass composite as a low-melting sealing glass


The wetting properties of Bi2O3–ZnO–B2O3 glass composite materials with different ZnO and cordierite contents were investigated upon melting them and thermally treating them at 1300 °C and 430 °C, respectively. The density of a 48%Bi2O3–24%ZnO–22% B2O3 glass composite was 7.30 g/cm3, which is 99.3% of its theoretical density; its glass softening temperature was 413.2 °C. The addition of cordierite improved the adhesion of the glass by acting as a filler, thus lowering its coefficient of thermal expansion. Specifically, by adding 0–15% cordierite, the coefficient of thermal expansion of the Bi2O3–ZnO–B2O3 glass was reduced from 10.6 × 10–6 to 7.5 × 10–6 /K. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies confirmed that the glass was not crystallized, but rather a composite. This study demonstrates that the Bi2O3–ZnO–B2O3 glass composite developed herein is an environment-friendly lead-free material that can be sintered at 430 °C without losing its tempered glass function; therefore, this material shows promise for applications in architecture, electronic devices, and home appliances.

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This work was supported by the GRRC program of the Gyeonggi Province [Grant Number GRRC-KPU2021-A01, Multi-material Machining Innovative Technology Research Center] and The Catholic University of Korea, Research Fund, 2020.

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BHB conceptualization, methodology, and software. KHH data curation and writing-original draft preparation. JNS visualization and investigation. MJO methodology. SHR data analysis. H-DJ software, supervision, and writing-reviewing and editing. C-BY supervision and writing-reviewing and editing.

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Correspondence to Hyun-Do Jung or Chang-Bun Yoon.

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Bae, B.H., Hu, K.H., Song, J.N. et al. Effects of ZnO and cordierite contents on the wetting properties of a Bi2O3–ZnO–B2O3 glass composite as a low-melting sealing glass. J. Korean Ceram. Soc. 59, 208–216 (2022).

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  • Bi2O3–ZnO–B2O3 glass
  • Cordierite
  • Thermal properties
  • Wettability
  • Sealing material