Skip to main content

A study on the electrical and physical properties of mortar incorporating carbon black


In this study, carbon black was used to manufacture electrical conductive mortar, and the carbon black and mixing water were controlled. In carbon black, secondary particles were formed with primary particles sized 100 ~ 300 nm and the electrical conductivity was measured at 19.2S/m. Mixing water content had to be increased according to the increase of carbon black content to maintain uniform flow (190 ± 5 mm) of the carbon black-incorporated mortar and the mortar strength gradually decreased with the increase of water content. For OPC mortar, electric current was measured as 0.0024A, and a heating phenomenon was not observed. On the other hand, the electric current of mortar mixed with 10% of carbon black was 0.0855A, the highest among the specimens, and the electric resistance was 163Ω∙m, which was also the highest exothermic characteristic. However, when 10wt% of carbon black was used, the mortar properties deteriorated, and thus, countermeasures for this should be further studied.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8


  1. 1.

    Traffic accident analysis system data for traffic accidents by road condition (2018) (KoROAD Homepage), (Accessed 26 August 2020)

  2. 2.

    Snow melting system by type (Hydronic and Electric), by application (Residential, commercial and municipal): global industry perspective, comprehensive analysis and forecast (Zion Market Research Report 2018. 03), (Accessed 27 August 2020)

  3. 3.

    Z. Chi, T. Yiqiu, Ye. Qing, Long-term thermal analysis of an airfield-runway snow melting system utilizing heat-pipe technology. Energy Convers Manag 186, 473–486 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    K. Liu, S. Huang, F. Wang, Energy consumption and utilization rate analysis of automatically snow melting system in infrastructure by thermal simulation and melting experiments. Cold Reg Sci Technol 138, 73–83 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Christopher Y. Tuan, Sherif A. Yehia, Implementation of conductive concrete overlay for bridge deck deicing at roca, Nebraska (Civil Engineering Faculty Proceedings & Presentations, University of Nebraska at Omaha, 363–364, 2004)

  6. 6.

    A. Sassani, A. Arabzadeh, H. Ceylan, S. Kim, Carbon fiber-based electrically conductive concrete for salt-free deicing of pavements. J Clean Prod 203, 799–809 (2018)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    R. Fulham-Lebrasseur, L. Sorelli, D. Conciatori, Development of electrically conductive concrete and mortars with hybrid conductive inclusions. Constr Build Mater 237, 1–10 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    E. Heymsfield, A.B. Osweiler, M. Kuss, Feasibility of anti-Icing airfield pavement using conductive concrete and renewable solar energy (US Department of Transportation Report, USA, 2013), pp. 47–48

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    C.Y. Tuan, Implementation of conductive concrete for deicing (Roca Bridge) Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports (University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, 2008), pp. 2–4

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Carbon Black Properties (Wikipedia Homepage),, (Accessed 28 Aug 2020)

  11. 11.

    M. Lay, A. Rusli, Raa Khiomi Shuib, converting dead leaf biomass into activated carbon as a potential replacement for carbon black filler in rubber composites. Compos B Eng 201, 1–10 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    L. Liu, H. Ma, Highly conductive graphene/carbon black screen printing inks for flexible electronics. J Colloid Interface Sci 582, 12–21 (2021)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    J.A. Sánchez-González, A. Macías-García, M.F. Alexandre-Franco, V. Gómez-Serrano, Electrical conductivity of carbon blacks under compression. Carbon 43(4), 741–747 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    D. Pantea, H. Darmstadt, S. Kaliaguine, C. Roy, Electrical conductivity of conductive carbon blacks: influence of surface chemistry and topology. Appl Surf Sci 217(1–4), 181–193 (2003)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    I.-S. Yoon, Influence of carbonation of concrete on electrical resistivity. J Korea Inst Struct Maint Insp 18(5), 27–33 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    B. Chen, Bo. Li, Y. Gao, Investigation on electrically conductive aggregates produced by incorporating carbon fiber and carbon black. Constr Build Mater 144(30), 106–114 (2017)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    M. Benaicha, A. Hafidi Alaoui, O. Jalbaud, Dosage effect of superplasticizer on self-compacting concrete: correlation between rheology and strength. J Mater Res Technol 8(2), 2063–2069 (2019)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Hajar Ahmadi Moghadam, The relation between porosity, hydration degree and compressive strength of portland cement pastes in the presence of aluminium chloride additive. Constr Build Mater 250, 118884 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    B. Ratner, The correlation coefficient: Its values range between +1/-1, or do they? J Targe Meas Anal Market 17, 139–142 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Yong-Sik Chu or Seog-Young Yoon.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Jo, KS., Kim, NI., Kim, Ks. et al. A study on the electrical and physical properties of mortar incorporating carbon black. J. Korean Ceram. Soc. 58, 414–421 (2021).

Download citation


  • Electric conduction
  • Carbon black
  • Flow
  • Porosity
  • Electrical resistance