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A review on the joining of SiC for high-temperature applications

Abstract

A review on the joining of SiC is given in response to the interest surge on this material for a number of applications. Because the engineering design for the majority of applications requires complicated shapes, there has been a strong demand for the development of reliable joining techniques for SiC, especially for high-temperature applications. However, the joining of SiC-based materials is inherently difficult because of the high degree of covalent bonding in SiC and the low self-diffusivity. This review discusses basic mechanisms and properties of the SiC joining techniques developed to date; they are divided into eight different categories. In addition, critical assessment is given for each technique in the context of high-temperature application (≥ 1000 °C). Finally, comments are provided for the use of these techniques in advanced nuclear reactors where stringent irradiation stability under neutron irradiation as well as hermeticity and joint strength are required.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Basic Science Research Program funded by the Korea Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1D1A1B07043343).

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Yoon, DH., Reimanis, I.E. A review on the joining of SiC for high-temperature applications. J. Korean Ceram. Soc. 57, 246–270 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43207-020-00021-4

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Keywords

  • SiC
  • Joining
  • High-temperature applications
  • Interfaces
  • Nuclear reactors