Acute toxicity and morphology alterations of glyphosate-based herbicides to Daphnia magna and Cyclops vicinus

Abstract

Zooplankton is very sensitive to various agrochemicals including glyphosate herbicides which may arise from runoff in paddy fields. In this study, acute toxicity test of Glyphosate-Based Herbicides (GBHs) was conducted to Daphnia magna and Cyclops vicinus. Acute toxicity test was performed to both organisms at the Glyphosate concentrations of 20, 80, 160, 320, and 640 mg/L in exposure time of 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h. The mortality and morphology were observed to determine the LC50 and the effect of its morphology. The test showed that D. magna was more susceptible than C. vicinus. The LC50 of GBHs to D. magna and C. vicinus for its different exposure time were respectively show as follows: 76.67 mg/L and 207.89 mg/L (12 h); 36.2 mg/L and 159.8 mg/L (24 h); and 21.34 mg/L and 92.93 mg/L (48 h). There were no significant differences of the alteration of spin length, body length, and head length of D. magna to exposure of GBHs, except the head width. While body length alteration of C. vicinus was significantly different towards the increase in concentration.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support from the Ministry of Research and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia with Master leading to Ph.D. scholarship (PMDSU), the agreement letter number 821/PKS/ITS/2019. Furthermore, the authors are also grateful for the PROM Programme 2019–International Scholarship Exchange of Ph.D. Candidates that was co-financed by the University of Szczecin and the European Social Fund under the Knowledge Education Development Operational Programme.

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Correspondence to Joni Hermana.

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Gustinasari, K., Sługocki, Ł., Czerniawski, R. et al. Acute toxicity and morphology alterations of glyphosate-based herbicides to Daphnia magna and Cyclops vicinus. Toxicol Res. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43188-020-00054-1

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Keywords

  • Glyphosate
  • Acute toxicity
  • Morphology alteration
  • Daphnia magna
  • Cyclops vicinus
  • Toxicology