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High chromosomal evolutionary dynamics in sleeper gobies (Eleotridae) and notes on disruptive biological factors in Gobiiformes karyotypes (Osteichthyes, Teleostei)

Abstract

The order Gobiiformes is made up of more than 2200 species, representing one of the most diverse groups among teleost fishes. The biological causes for the tachytelic karyotype evolution of the gobies have not yet been fully studied. Here we expanded cytogenetic data for the Eleotridae family, analyzing the neotropical species Dormitator maculatus, Eleotris pisonis, Erotelis smaragdus, and Guavina guavina. In addition, a meta-analytical approach was followed for elucidating the karyotype diversification versus biological aspects (habitat and egg type) of the Gobiiformes. The species E. smaragdus and E. pisonis present 2n = 46 acrocentric chromosomes (NF = 46), D. maculatus 2n = 46 (36sm + 4st + 6a; NF = 86), and G. guavina, the most divergent karyotype, with 2n = 52 acrocentric chromosomes (NF = 52). Besides numeric and structural diversification in the karyotypes, the mapping of rDNAs and microsatellites also showed noticeable numerical and positional variation, supporting the high chromosomal evolutionary dynamism of these species. In Gobiiformes, karyotype patterns which are more divergent from the basal karyotype (2n = 46a) are associated with characteristics less effective to dispersion, such as the benthic habit. These adaptive characteristics, connected with the organization of the repetitive DNA content in the chromosomes, likely play a synergistic role in the remarkable karyotype diversification of this group.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank to the ICMBio/SISBIO (#19135-4) for the authorization in collecting specimens. We are also grateful to Dr. José Garcia Júnior for the taxonomic identification of specimens utilized in the study. This work was supported by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cient.ico e Tecnol.gico (CNPq) [#442664/2015-0; #442626/2019-3].

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SASS: conceptualization, methodology, writing- original draft preparation, data curation. WFM: conceptualization, methodology, writing- original draft preparation, funding acquisition, project administration, writing—reviewing and editing. GWWFC: investigation, validation. PAL-F, CCM-N: supervision, visualization. MBC, LACB: writing—reviewing and editing.

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Correspondence to Wagner Franco Molina.

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Animal and human rights statement

The experimental work fulfilled all ethical guidelines regarding the handling of specimens. The experiments followed ethical and anesthesia conducts in accordance with the Ethics Committee on the Use of Animals (#044/2015) at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). The procedures used in this study adhere to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki.

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da Silva, S.A.S., de Lima-Filho, P.A., da Motta-Neto, C.C. et al. High chromosomal evolutionary dynamics in sleeper gobies (Eleotridae) and notes on disruptive biological factors in Gobiiformes karyotypes (Osteichthyes, Teleostei). Mar Life Sci Technol 3, 293–302 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42995-020-00084-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42995-020-00084-6

Keywords

  • Chromosome evolution
  • Dispersive potential
  • Goby
  • Karyotype diversification
  • Microsatellites
  • rDNA