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Atlas of Science Collaboration, 1971–2020

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Abstract

Delving beyond national boundaries to gain a comprehensive understanding of international collaborative research at the institutional level is paramount for stakeholders involved in shaping global strategies in science and technology. To address this issue, we explore the dynamic landscape of interinstitutional collaborative research across 15 natural scientific disciplines using open data from OpenAlex. This extensive exploration covers the period from 1971 to 2020, allowing a detailed examination of primary contributors to scientific output and their collaborative relationships through coauthorships, both nationally and institutionally. The findings are presented visually on world maps and diagrams, providing a lucid and insightful illustration of significant variations in collaborative patterns across diverse fields and time periods. These visual representations serve as valuable tools for science policymakers, diplomats, and institutional researchers, furnishing a comprehensive overview of global collaboration dynamics and facilitating their intuitive understanding of the evolving nature of these partnerships over time.

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Data Availability

The datasets and figures generated and/or analysed during this study can be found in the Zenodo repository at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8266166.

Notes

  1. https://docs.openalex.org/.

  2. https://openalex.org/about#comparison.

  3. https://www.scopus.com/.

  4. https://clarivate.com/products/scientific-and-academic-research/research-discovery-and-workflow-solutions/webofscience-platform/.

  5. https://www.dimensions.ai/.

  6. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/project/microsoft-academic-graph/.

  7. https://www.crossref.org/.

  8. https://orcid.org/.

  9. https://ror.org/.

  10. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

  11. https://arxiv.org/.

  12. https://zenodo.org/.

  13. https://docs.openalex.org/how-to-use-the-api/api-overview.

  14. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=maps.

  15. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=geosphere.

  16. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=ggplot2.

  17. https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/dendextend/vignettes/dendextend.html.

  18. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=dendextend.

  19. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=circlize.

  20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_3166-1_alpha-2.

References

  1. Priem J, Piwowar H, Orr R. OpenAlex: A fully-open index of scholarly works, authors, venues, institutions, and concepts. From Global Indicat Local Appl. 2022. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2205.01833.

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Acknowledgements

The contents of this booklet solely reflect the views of the author and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of any of the organisations with which the author is currently or has been affiliated in the past. The author does not assume any legal responsibility for errors, omissions, or claims, nor does the author offer any warranty, express or implied, concerning the information present herein and in the associated data repository.

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The author did not receive any funding for this research.

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Correspondence to Keisuke Okamura.

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Okamura, K. Atlas of Science Collaboration, 1971–2020. SN COMPUT. SCI. 5, 640 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42979-024-02973-4

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