Spatial determination of soil variables using GIS method and their influence on microbial communities in the Eastern Ghats region

  • Dharman Kalaimurugan
  • Palaniappan Sivasankar
  • Elumalai Manikandan
  • Kaliannan Durairaj
  • Kubendiran Lavanya
  • Palanisamy Vasudhevan
  • Ramasamy Lakshmanan
  • Srinivasan VenkatesanEmail author
Research Article


The study deals with the spatial distribution of soil variables and their impact on soil microbial communities of Yercaud hills, Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. A total of thirteen soil variables was recorded from the soil samples. The soil bacterial and fungal communities were enumerated and representatives were identified. The soil variables were plotted in spatial map using GIS and analyzed by Pearson correlation. PCA, cluster and MDS analysis were performed to recognize the drifts amongst the high linking soil variables and microbial communities. The pH, temperature, EC, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, copper, zinc and magnesium were found to be positively significant with the soil microbial communities. It is suggested that the Yercaud hills possess highly fertile, undisturbed soil environment and microbes of novel biotechnological value.


GIS Microbial community Population density Soil ecology Spatial analysis Yercaud 



Authors are thankful to the authorities of Periyar University for providing the necessary facilities to carry out the research work. The DST-SERB National Post-Doctoral Fellowship (PDF/2016/003905) supported the work.


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Copyright information

© International Society for Tropical Ecology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dharman Kalaimurugan
    • 1
  • Palaniappan Sivasankar
    • 1
  • Elumalai Manikandan
    • 2
  • Kaliannan Durairaj
    • 1
  • Kubendiran Lavanya
    • 1
  • Palanisamy Vasudhevan
    • 1
  • Ramasamy Lakshmanan
    • 1
  • Srinivasan Venkatesan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science, School of Life SciencesPeriyar UniversitySalemIndia
  2. 2.School of Physical Sciences, Centre for Geoinformatics and Planetary StudiesPeriyar UniversitySalemIndia

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