Skip to main content
Log in

Laboratory Characterization of Pozzolan-Modified Asphalt Binder

  • Original Research Paper
  • Published:
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of using Pozzolan as an asphalt binder modifier and assess its potential physical and rheological improvements. This research also intends to initiate a comprehensive research on the effect of Pozzolan on the rheological characteristics of asphalt binder since only limited studies have used Pozzolan as an asphalt binder modifier. Pozzolan was added to a (60/70) penetration grade asphalt binder at six different percentages in addition to the control asphalt binder. Both traditional and rheological tests on modified and control asphalt binders were performed. The traditional tests included penetration, softening point, flash and fire points, and ductility. The rheological tests, on the other hand, included rotational viscometer (RV) and Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) tests. The outcomes proved that adding Pozzolan to asphalt binder enhanced high-temperature performance. 15% Pozzolan content was found to be the optimum content at which most rheological characteristics of the asphalt binder were enhanced. The experimental outcomes were contrasted and analyzed statistically by the analysis of variance (ANOVA) to discover any significant difference between the influence of Pozzolan and test temperature. The outcomes of one-way ANOVA pointed out that Pozzolan had a significant influence on the rotational viscosity and physical characteristics. Also, the change in Pozzolan content and temperature together showed a significant effect on the rutting parameter according to the two-way ANOVA outcomes.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Bala, N., Kamaruddin, I., Napiah, M., & Danlami, N. (2017). Rheological and rutting evaluation of composite nanosilica/polyethylene modified bitumen Materials Science and Engineering. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/201/1/012012

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Imaninasab, R. (2017). Effect of granular polymers on rutting performance of SMA with respect to modification process. Construction and Building Materials, 130, 64–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.11.025

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Din, I. M. U., & Mir, M. S. (2021). Experimental investigation of low viscosity grade binder modified with Fischer Tropsch-Paraffin wax. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 14, 129–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-020-0286-7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Khedaywi, T., Al Kofahi, N., & Al-Zoubi, M. (2020). Effect of olive waste ash on properties of asphalt cement and asphalt concrete mixtures. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 13, 276–285. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-020-0254-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Abuaddous, M., Taamneh, M. M., & Rabab’ah, S. R. (2021). The potential use of recycled polyethylene terephthalate (RPET) plastic waste in asphalt binder. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 14, 579–587. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-020-0120-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Baqersad, M., & Ali, H. (2021). Recycling of RAP using nanoclay modified asphalt binder. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 14, 778–788. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-021-0112-x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Khoury, H. N., Ibrahim, K. M., Al Dwairi, R. A., & Torrente, D. G. (2015). Wide spread zeolitization of the Neogene-Quaternary volcanic tuff in Jordan. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 420–429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.09.018

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Abo-Qudais, S., Smadi, M., & Khedaywi, T. (1999). Effect of pozzolan modifier on bituminous mixtures properties. Highways & Transportation., 46(12), 15–18.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Al-Khateeb, G. G., & Al-Akhras, N. M. (2011). Properties of Portland cement-modified asphalt binder using Superpave tests. Construction and Building Materials, 25(2), 926–932. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.06.091

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Sobolev, K., Vivian, I. F., Saha, R., Wasiuddin, N. M., & Saltibus, N. E. (2014). The effect of fly ash on the rheological properties of bituminous materials. Fuel, 116, 471–477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.07.123

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Asi, I., & Assa’ad, A. (2005). Effect of Jordanian oil shale fly ash on asphalt mixes. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 17(5), 553–559. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2005)17:5(553)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. ASTM D5, D5M–13. (2013). Standard test method for penetration of bituminous materials. ASTM International. 10.1520/D0005_D0005M-13.

    Google Scholar 

  13. ASTM D36, D36M–14e1. (2014). Standard test method for softening point of bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus). ASTM International. 10.1520/D0036_D0036M-14E01.

    Google Scholar 

  14. ASTM D113–07. (2007). Standard test method for ductility of bituminous materials. ASTM International. 10.1520/D0113-07.

    Google Scholar 

  15. ASTM D92–16b. (2016). Standard test method for flash and fire points by cleveland open cup tester. ASTM International. 10.1520/D0092-16B.

    Google Scholar 

  16. ASTM D4402, D4402M–12. (2012). Standard test method for viscosity determination of asphalt at elevated temperatures using a rotational viscometer. ASTM International. 10.1520/D4402_D4402M-15.

    Google Scholar 

  17. ASTM D7175–15. (2015). Standard test method for determining the rheological properties of asphalt binder using a dynamic shear rheometer. ASTM International. 10.1520/D7175-15.

    Google Scholar 

  18. ASTM D2872-04. (2004). Standard test method for effect of heat and air on a moving film of asphalt (Rolling Thin-Film Oven Test). ASTM International. 10.1520/D2872-04.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

In this study, the authors would like to acknowledge and recognize the Deanship of Scientific Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology for providing the funds to carry out this research.

Funding

This study was funded by Deanship of Scientific Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology [Grant No. 164/2020] and the authors greatly appreciate this financial support.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

All authors have significant contributions towards the completion of this work.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Aslam Ali Al-Omari.

Ethics declarations

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Al-Omari, A.A., Al-Rousan, T.M. & Al-Facara, E.S. Laboratory Characterization of Pozzolan-Modified Asphalt Binder. Int. J. Pavement Res. Technol. 15, 1051–1061 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-021-00071-9

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-021-00071-9

Keywords

Navigation