Skip to main content
Log in

Shear properties of waste glass-asphalt mastics

  • Published:
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology Aims and scope Submit manuscript


This study aimed at using waste glass to improve shear properties of asphalt binders. Asphalt-glass mastics were prepared at four glass/asphalt (G/A) ratios: 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, and 0.30 by volume of asphalt. The Superpave dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) was used to measure the complex shear modulus value (∣G*∣) and phase angle (δ) for the control asphalt binder and the glass-asphalt mastics using frequency sweep tests conducted at nine loading frequencies: 10, 5.0, 3.0, 1.78, 1.0, 0.5, 0.3, 0.178, and 0.1 Hz and at a wide range of temperatures: 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70°C. Findings of the study showed that the waste glass filler improved ∣G*∣/cos δ (elastic part), ∣G*∣sin δ (fatigue parameter), and ∣G*∣/sin δ (rutting parameter) of the asphalt binder by decreasing δ and increasing ∣G*∣ especially at lower temperatures and high frequencies. Consequently, this enhanced the rutting and fatigue resistance of asphalt binders and improved the Superpave high temperature performance grade. It was also found that the increase in the ratio of the mix to the control asphalt binder for any of these parameters and the decrease in the phase angle ratio of the mix to the control asphalt binder were statistically significant (using 0.05 significance level) at 0.30 G/A ratio. Hence, the glass can be mixed in practice with the asphalt binder to increase its stiffness and therefore the rutting resistance and to improve the asphalt binder’s elastic part as a result of the decrease in the phase angle, which will improve the fatigue resistance.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. G. Al-Khateeb, N. Gibson, X. Qi, Mechanistic Analyses of the FHWA’s Accelerated Loading Facility Pavements: Primary Response, Transp. Res. Rec. 1990 (2007) 150–161.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. G. Al-Khateeb, A. Shenoy, N. Gibson, Mechanistic Performance Analyses of the FHWA’s Accelerated Loading Facility Pavements, Assoc. Asph. Paving Tech. J. 76 (2007) 737–770.

    Google Scholar 

  3. X. Qi, T. Mitchell, K. Stuart, J. Youtcheff, K. Petros, T. Harman, G. Al-Khateeb, Strain Responses in ALF Modified-Binder Pavement Study, Proc. 2nd Inter. Conference Accelerated Pave. Test., Minneapolis, MN, USA, 2004.

  4. X. Qi, G. Al-Khateeb, A. Shenoy, T. Mitchell, N. Gibson, J. Youtcheff, T. Harman, Performance of the FHWA’s ALF Modified-Binder Pavements, Proc. 10th Inter. Conf. Asphalt Pave. (ICAP), Inter. Soci. Asphalt Pave. (ISAP), Quebec, Canada, 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  5. G. G. Al-Khateeb, K. Z. Ramadan, Investigation of the Effect of Rubber on Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binders using Superpave DSR, Korean Soc. Civ. Eng. (KSCE), J. Civ. Eng. 19(1) (2015) 127–135.

    Google Scholar 

  6. T. S. Khedaywi, Study on utilising waste toner in asphalt cement, J. Road Mater. Pave. Des. 1(2) (2014) 446–454.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. K. Ghuzlan, G. Al-Khateeb, A. Abu Damrah, Using Oil Shale Ash Waste as a Modifier for Asphalt Binders, J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manag. 15 (2013) 522–529.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. T. Khedaywi, G. Al-Khateeb, M. Irfaeya, Effect of Medical Ash on Shear Properties of Asphalt Binder Using Superpave Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR), J. Solid Waste Tech. Manag. 38(1) (2012) 19–27.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. C.J. Lynn, G.S. Ghataora, R.K Dhir OBE, Municipal incinerated bottom ash (MIBA) characteristics and potential for use in road pavements, Inter. J. Pave. Res. Tech. 10(2) (2017) 185–201.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. M. Enieb, A. Diab, Characteristics of asphalt binder and mixture containing nanosilica, Inter. J. Pave. Res. Tech. 10(2) (2017) 148–157.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. G. G. Al-Khateeb, N. M. Al-Akhras, Properties of Portland Cement-Modified Asphalt Binder Using Superpave Tests, Constr. Build. Mater. 25 (2011) 926–932.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. T. Yi-qiu, Z.H. Li, X.Y. Zhang, and Z.J. Dong, Research on High- and Low-Temperature Properties of Asphalt-Mineral Filler Mastic, J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 22(8) (2010) 811–819.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. M. Tuncan, A. Tuncan, A. A. Cetin, The Use of Waste Materials in Asphalt Concrete Mixtures, Waste Manag. Res. 21(2) (2003) 83–92.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Asphalt Institute (AI), SUPERPAVE Mix Design. SUPERPAVE Series No. 2. SP-2.. Asphalt Institute, Lexington, KY, USA, 2001.

    Google Scholar 

  15. K. Anochie-Boateng, Joseph, T. George, Use of Waste Crushed Glass for the Production of Hot-Mix Asphalt, Proc. 4th Inter. Conf. Sustain. Constr. Mater. Tech. (SCMT4), Las Vegas, USA, 2016.

  16. Z. T. A. Salem, T. S. Khedawi, M. B. Baker, R. Abendeh, Effect of Waste Glass on Properties of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures, Jordan J. Civ. Eng. 11(1) (2017) 117–131.

    Google Scholar 

  17. A. G. Alhyasat, Z. Al-Nsourand, H. M. Majar, Country Report on the Solid Waste Management in Jordan, The Regional Solid Waste Exchange of Information and Expertise Network in Mashreq and Maghreb Countries, GIZ, Jordan, 2014.

    Google Scholar 

  18. M. S. A. Abu Drais, Your Guide to Waste Management in Jordan, Waste Sorting Informative Booklet, Jordan Green Building Council, Amman, Jordan, 2016.

    Google Scholar 

  19. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Standard Test Method for Determining the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binder Using the Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR), Provisional Standard Test Methods. AASHTO TP5. AASHTO, Washington, D.C., USA, 2000.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Bohlin®, DSR-II User Manual, Malvern Instruments Limited, Minnesota, USA, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  21. M. Irfaeya, Utilizing Superpave Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) to Investigate Asphalt Mastics Behavior Through Micromechanics in Jordan, (Master Thesis), Department of Civil Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan, 2009.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ghazi G. Al-Khateeb.

Additional information

Peer review under responsibility of Chinese Society of Pavement Engineering.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Al-Khateeb, G.G., Khedaywi, T.S. & Irfaeya, M.F. Shear properties of waste glass-asphalt mastics. Int. J. Pavement Res. Technol. 12, 307–314 (2019).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: