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Promising Sustainable Models Toward Water, Air, and Solid Sustainable Management in the View of SDGs


The last decade has been witnessing overwhelming efforts to achieve social sustainability from mitigating the health and environmental effects to innovative new strategies for sustainable energy production. Those efforts have been devoted to exploiting sustainable materials for handling energy shortage and environmental deterioration to fulfill the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In this article, we engage in those efforts and shed new light on sustainable models applicable to water, air, and solid management from the practical standpoint of SDGs. The first sustainable model is a combination between renewable resources and sustainable materials for the fabrication of biomass/photocatalysts hybrid composites. The green hybrid photocatalysts can be synthesized by electrospinning or 3D techniques. These geometric bio-hybrid photocatalysts are the backbone of the next photocatalytic house model. These houses can significantly participate in the mitigation of climate change via CO2 capture and conversion to renewable energy and fuels. Furthermore, it anticipates that these photocatalytic houses are capable of participating in the alleviation of acid rain through converting toxic gasses such as nitrogen oxide (NOx) and sulfur oxide (SOx) into sustainable products. On the other hand, some suggestions have been raised to face and control microplastic pollution and one of these suggestions is introducing artificial intelligence such as tracer-based sorting as a sustainable strategy solution to enhance the plastic circular economy. The last model relies on optimizing the utilization of Jatropha in the landfill post-closure area toward integrated solid waste management and alternative biofuel production. These models will pave new ways of realizing sustainability.

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IAA conceived and planned the presented idea, designed the models and figures, analyzed and curated the data, and drafted and wrote the manuscript. SR conceived the main idea and revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Islam A. Abdelhafeez.

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The second author, Seeram Ramakrishna, is the Editor-in-Chief of Materials Circular Economy.

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Abdelhafeez, I.A., Ramakrishna, S. Promising Sustainable Models Toward Water, Air, and Solid Sustainable Management in the View of SDGs. Mater Circ Econ 3, 21 (2021).

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