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Thermo-mechanical coupled analysis based design of ventilated brake disc using genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization

Abstract

The brake discs are subjected to thermal load due to sliding by the brake pad and fluctuating loads because of the braking load. This combined loading problem requires simulation using coupled thermo-mechanical analysis for design evaluation. This work presents a combined thermal and mechanical finite element analysis and evolutionary optimization-based novel approach for estimating the optimal design parameters of the ventilated brake disc. Five parameters controlling the design: Inboard plate thickness, outboard plate thickness, vane height, effective offset, and center hole radius were considered, and simulation runs were planned. 27 brake disc designs with design parameters as recommended by the Taguchi method (L27) were modeled using SOLIDWORKS, and the FEA simulation runs were carried out using ANSYS thermal & structural analysis tool. The fatigue life results were analyzed using a 3D surface plot for the effect of the design parameters on the response, contour plots for the determination of maximum response, and statistical regression analysis for model interpretation and predictive modeling. Finally, the two most accurate and widely used evolutionary optimization algorithms: genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) were applied to determine the optimal design parameters for the ventilated brake disc. The brake disc of design parameters predicted by GA and (PSO), gives 12.74% higher fatigue life compared to parametric analysis. These results have shown that the developed approach can be utilized effectively and reliably for solving, design ventilated brake disc problem in the industry.

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Correspondence to Ali Belhocine.

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Belhocine, A., Shinde, D. & Patil, R. Thermo-mechanical coupled analysis based design of ventilated brake disc using genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization. JMST Adv. 3, 41–54 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42791-021-00040-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42791-021-00040-0

Keywords

  • Ventilated brake disc
  • Coupled thermo-mechanical analysis
  • Fatigue life
  • Parametric analysis
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Particle swarm optimization