Foliar Application of Nano-zinc and Iron Affects Physiological Attributes of Rosmarinus officinalis and Quietens NaCl Salinity Depression

Abstract

Salinity is an obstacle for plant growth and the exploitation of means like cation foliar to soften the negative effects is of interest. The impacts of NaCl salinity (0, 75, 150, and 225 mM) and nano-Zn and Fe foliar applications (0 and 3 mg L−1) were examined on yield and physiological characteristics of Rosmarinus officinalis grown in an open soilless culture system. Salinity decreased root growth and above-ground plant growth (fresh and dry weight), chlorophyll a and total chlorophyll content, and zinc accumulation. Nano-Fe and Zn foliar application had positive influence on the above-ground plant growth. The results showed that Zn2+ content was affected by the interaction between salinity and nano-Fe and Zn foliar application. The highest content of Zn2+ was found at no saline Zn-sprayed plants. The content of Zn2+, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA), and phenolics were affected by the independent effects of salinity or foliar application. Salinity increased the H2O2 and MDA content but nano-zinc and iron spraying alleviated salinity impacts and both H2O2 and MDA decreased. Nano-Fe and Zn foliar application increased total phenolics and total flavonoids content. Proline and chlorophyll a content, Na+, K+ amounts, and K+/Na+ ratio were affected by the salinity stress. Salinity decreased K+ content and K+/Na+ ratio but increased Na+ and proline content with more pronounced effects at 225 mM NaCl. Overall, foliar application of both elements improved the growth and salt tolerance of rosemary and their application would be advisable to the cultivation practices.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Apse MP, Blumwald E (2002) Engineering salt tolerance in plant. Curr Opin Biotechnol 13(2):146–150

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Archangi A, Khodambashi M, Mohammadkhani A (2012) The effects of salt stress on morphological characteristics and Na+, K+ and Ca2+ ion content in medicinal plant fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) under hydroponic culture. J Sci Tech Greenhouse Cult 3(2):33–41

    Google Scholar 

  3. Ashraf M, Ali Q (2008) Relative membrane permeability and activities of some antioxidant enzymes as the key determinants of salt tolerance in canola (Brassica napus L.). Environ Exp Bot 63(1–3):266–273

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Ashraf M, Harris PJC (2004) Potential biochemical indicators of salinity tolerance in plants. Plant Sci 166(1):3–16

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Askary M, Talebi SM, Amini F, Dousti Balout Bangan A (2017) Effects of iron nanoparticles on Mentha piperita L. under salinity stress. Biologija 63(1):65–75

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Azevedo-Neto AD, Prisco JT, Eneas-Filho J, Braga de Abreu CE, Gomes-Filho E (2006) Effect of salt stress on antioxidative enzymes and lipid peroxidation in leaves and roots of salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive maize genotypes. Environ Exp Bot 56(1):87–94

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Barbieri G, Vallone S, Orsini F, Paradiso R, De Pascale S, Negre-Zakharov F, Maggio A (2012) Stomatal density and metabolic determinants mediate salt stress adaptation and water use efficiency in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J Plant Physiol 169:1737–1746

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Blasco B, Graham NS, Broadley MR (2015) Antioxidant response and carboxylate metabolism in Brassica rapa exposed to different external Zn, Ca, and Mg supply. J Plant Physiol 176:16–24

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Cakmak I, Kalayci M, Kaya Y, Torun AA, Aydin N, Wang Y, Arisoy Z, Erdem H, Yazici A, Gokmen O, Ozturk L, Horst WJ (2010) Biofortification and localization of zinc in wheat grain. J Agric Food Chem 58(16):9092–9102

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Cao C-F, Li X-J, Yu L-R, Shi X-K, Chen L-M, Yu B-J (2018) Foliar 2,3-dihydroporphyrin iron (III) spray confers ameliorative antioxidation, ion redistribution and seed traits of salt-stressed soybean plants. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 18(4):1048–1064

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Chrysargyris A, Panayiotou C, Tzortzakis N (2016) Nitrogen and phosphorus levels affected plant growth, essential oil composition and antioxidant status of lavender plant (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.). Ind Crop Prod 83:577–586

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Chrysargyris A, Drouza C, Tzortzakis N (2017) Optimization of potassium fertilization/nutrition for growth, physiological development, essential oil composition and antioxidant activity of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 17:291–306

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Chrysargyris A, Michailidi E, Tzortzakis N (2018) Physiological and biochemical responses of Lavandula angustifolia to salinity under mineral foliar application. Front Plant Sci 9:489. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00489

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  14. Chrysargyris A, Solomou M, Petropoulos SA, Tzortzakis N (2019) Physiological and biochemical attributes of Mentha spicata when subjected to saline conditions and cation foliar application. J Plant Physiol 232:27–38

  15. El-Fouly MM, Mobarak ZM, Salama ZA (2011) Micronutrients (Fe, Mn and Zn) foliar spray for increasing salinity tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L). African J Plant Sci 5(5):314–322

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Estaji A, Roosta HR, Rezaei SA, Hosseini SS, Niknam F (2018) Morphological, physiological and phytochemical response of different Satureja hortensis L. accessions to salinity in a greenhouse experiment. J Appl Res Med Aromat Plants 10:25-33.

  17. Farhodi R (2011) Evolution effects of salt stress on growth, antioxidant enzymes activity and MDA concentration of canola varieties. Iranian J Field Crop Res 9(1):123–130

  18. Fathi A, Zahed M (2014) The effect of zinc and iron oxide nano particles on the growth and ion content of two corn cultivars in different soil salinity. Iranian J Field Crop Res 12(1):110–117

    Google Scholar 

  19. Fedina I, Georgieva K, Velitchkova M, Grigorova I (2006) Effect of pretreatment of barley seedlings with different salts on the level of UV-B induced and UV-B absorbing compounds. Environ Exp Bot 56(3):225–230

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Grattan SR, Grieve CM (1998) Salinity-mineral nutrient relations in horticultural crops. Sci Hort 78(1–4):127–157

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Guo JS, Zhou Q, Li XJ, Yu BJ, Luo QY (2017) Enhancing NO3 supply confers NaCl tolerance by adjusting Cl uptake and transport in G. max and G. soja. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 17:194–204

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Hebbar M, Rajakumar GR, Ravishankar G, Raghavaiah CV (2003) Effect of salinity stress on seed yield through physiological parameters in sunflower genotypes. Helia 26(39):155–160

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Hendawy SF, Khalid KA (2005) Response of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) plants to zinc application under different salinity levels. J Appl Sci Res 1(2):147–155

    Google Scholar 

  24. Honarjoo N, Hajrasuliha S, Amini H (2013) Comparing three plants in absorption of ions from different natural saline and sodic soils. Int J Agric Crop Sci 6(14):988–993

    Google Scholar 

  25. Kiarostami K, Mohseni R, Saboora A (2010) Biochemical changes of Rosmarinus officinalis under salt stress. J Stress Physiol Biochem 6(3):114–122

    Google Scholar 

  26. Kim KH, Tsao R, Yang R, Cui SW (2006) Phenolic acid profiles and antioxidant activities of wheat bran extracts and the effect of hydrolysis conditions. Food Chem 95(3):466–473

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Klados Ε, Tzortzakis Ν (2014) Effects of substrate and salinity in hydroponically grown Cichorium spinosum. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 14:211–222

    Google Scholar 

  28. Koleska I, Hasanagic D, Maksimovic I, Bosancic B, Kukavica B (2017) The role of antioxidative metabolism of tomato leaves in long-term salt-stress response. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 180:105–112

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Lingyun Y, Jian W, Chenggang W, Shan L, Shidong Z (2016) Effect of zinc enrichment on growth and nutritional quality in pea sprouts. J Food Nutr Res 4(2):100–107

    Google Scholar 

  30. Mena P, Cirlini M, Tassotti M, Herrlinger KA, Dall’Asta C, Del Rio D (2016) Phytochemical profiling of flavonoids, phenolic acids, terpenoids, and volatile fraction of a rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) extract. Molecules 21(11):1576. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21111576

    CAS  Article  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  31. Mohammadi H, Hatami M, Feghezadeh K, Ghorbanpour M (2018) Mitigating effect of nano-zerovalent iron, iron sulfate and EDTA against oxidative stress induced by chromium in Helianthus annuus L. Acta Physiol Plant 40:69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-018-2647-2

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Mohsenzadeh S, Moosavian SS (2017) Zinc sulphate and nano-zinc oxide effects on some physiological parameters of Rosmarinus officinalis. Am J Plant Sci 8:2635–2649

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Neocleous D, Vasilakakis M (2007) Effect of NaCl stress on red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L. ‘Autumn Bliss’). Sci Hort 112(3):282–289

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Nieto G, Ros G, Castillo J (2018) Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, L): a review. Medicines 5(3):98

  35. Pessarakli M (2016) Handbook of photosynthesis, 3rd edn. CRC press 846 pages

  36. Prasad R (2010) Zinc biofortification of food grains in relation to food security and alleviation of zinc malnutrition. Curr Sci 98(10):1300–1304

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. Prochazkova D, Sairam RK, Srivastava GC, Singh DV (2001) Oxidative stress and antioxidant activity as the basis of senescence in maize leaves. Plant Sci 161(4):765–771

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Rady M, Sadak MS, El-Bassiouny HMS, Abd El-Monem AA (2011) Alleviation the adverse effects of salinity stress in sunflower cultivars using nicotinamide and α-tocopherol. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 5(10):342–355

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. Santander C, Sanhueza M, Olave J, Borie F, Valentine A, Cornejo P (2019) Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization promotes the tolerance to salt stress in lettuce plants through an efficient modification of ionic balance. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 19:321–331

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Torabian S, Zahedi M, Khoshgoftarmanesh A (2016) Effects of foliar spray of zinc oxide on some antioxidant enzymes activity of sunflower under salt stress. J Agric Sci Tech 18(4):1013–1025

    Google Scholar 

  41. Torabian S, Zahedi M, Khoshgoftar AH (2017) Effects of foliar spray of nano-particles of FeSO4 on the growth and ion content of sunflower under saline condition. J Plant Nutr 40(5):615–623

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Troncoso N, Sierra H, Carvajal L, Delpiano P, Gunther G (2005) Fast high performance liquid chromatography and ultraviolet visible quantification of principle phenolic antioxidants in fresh rosemary. J Chromatoghr A 1100(1):20–25

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Tufail A, Li H, Naeem A, Li TX (2017) Leaf cell membrane stability-based mechanisms of zinc nutrient in mitigating salinity stress in rice. Plant Biol 20(2):338–345

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Vojodi Mehrabani L, Kamran RV, Hassanpouraghdam MB, Pessarakli M (2017) Zinc sulfate foliar application effects on some physiological characteristics and phenolic and essential oil contents of Lavandula stoechas L. under sodium chloride (NaCl) salinity conditions. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 48(16):1860–1867

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Vojodi Mehrabani L, Hassanpouraghdam MB, Shamsi-Khotab T (2018) The effects of common and nano-zinc foliar application on the alleviation of salinity stress in Rosmarinus officinalis L. Acta Sci Pol-Hortoru 17(6):65–73

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Weisany W, Sohrabi Y, Heidari GR, Siosemardeh A, Badakhshan H (2014) Effects of zinc application on growth, absorption and distribution of mineral nutrients under salinity stress in soybean (Glycine Max L.). J Plant Nutr 37(14):2255–2269

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Nikolaos Tzortzakis.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hassanpouraghdam, M.B., Mehrabani, L.V. & Tzortzakis, N. Foliar Application of Nano-zinc and Iron Affects Physiological Attributes of Rosmarinus officinalis and Quietens NaCl Salinity Depression. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 20, 335–345 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-019-00111-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Rosemary
  • Flavonoid
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Proline
  • Saline