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Estimation of stature from hand and handprint dimensions in the Brazilian population

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Previous studies carried out in various populations in different countries have shown that hand measurements can be used to estimate stature, as well as the handprint measurements. In Brazil, there is not yet any specific standards to estimate the stature of its population; thus, the aim of the present study is to analyze the anthropometric relationship between hand’s length and its images with the stature of the Brazilian population and create regression formulas to estimate the stature from these dimensions.


The study examines measurements taken from 427 adult individuals (186 men; 241 women) from Brazil. Seven anthropometric measurements were made on each individual hand and each corresponding image. To find the relationship between measurements and stature, simple and linear regression analyses were performed.


The results showed that the length of the palm of the hand is the variable with the highest correlation to stature in men and women (r = 0.62–0.66). The accuracy of the stature estimate using hand measurements and hand impressions ranged between 4.65 and 5.47 cm in the female sample and between 5.26 and 6.39 cm in the male sample.


This research provided the first forensic standard for estimation of stature among the Brazilian population that may prove useful for crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications in Brazil.

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Felipe Granado de Souza: planned and executed the project, performed the analysis and interpretation of the data and wrote the writing of the original manuscript. Maria Elizete Kunkel: planned, supervised, and revised the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Felipe Granado de Souza.

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The study protocol was approved by the Federal University of ABC’s Research Ethics Committee (n:1.334.138). Consent to participate in the study was obtained from the volunteers.

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The author declare that they have no competing interests.

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de Souza, F.G., Kunkel, M.E. Estimation of stature from hand and handprint dimensions in the Brazilian population. Res. Biomed. Eng. 38, 571–579 (2022).

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