Vegetation overview of meadows and pastures of north-west Šar-Planina Mountain (Serbia)

Abstract

This paper is the result of years of research flora and vegetation of Šar-Planina Mountain state monitoring, endeavoring to preserve and improve this National park. Meadows and pastures of Šar-Planina Mountain are diverse, structurally and syngenically very complex grass communities which kept floral variety and uniqueness, notwithstanding the successions caused by anthropo-zoogenic influences. This type of vegetation has potentials for providing numerous eco-systemic services, mainly for production of healthy and good quality food. Šar-Planina Mountain massive is of great importance for biodiversity conservation of the Balkan Peninsula and Europe as a whole, particularly in terms of preserving the endemorelict flora and vegetation. In the previous papers most attention was given to forest and hasmophytic vegetation of Šar-Planina Mountain, whilst the vegetation of meadows and pastures is little known. Considering that this type of vegetation is in a phase of rapid succession due to stagnation of cattle breeding, in this paper we wanted to highlight its value, importance and the need for preservation.

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Amidžić, L., Djordjević-Milošević, S., Vujčić-Trkulja, M. et al. Vegetation overview of meadows and pastures of north-west Šar-Planina Mountain (Serbia). Vegetos 33, 239–246 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42535-020-00101-0

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Keywords

  • Šar-Planina Mountain
  • Meadows
  • Pastures
  • Flora
  • Vegetation