Skip to main content

“Odyssey” complements “A Biotic View of Land” to bolster the case for a more prominent place for Leopold

The Original Article was published on 14 March 2022


In “A Biotic View of Land” Aldo Leopold may have anticipated the concept of enegy flow in ecosystem ecology. As Gene Likens notes, in “Odyssey” he may also have anticipated the concept of nutrient cycles in ecosystem ecology.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  • Callicott JB (2022) Three project ideas to fill research gaps in Aldo-Leopold scholarship. Socio Ecol Pract Res.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Leopold A (1939/1991) A biotic view of land. In: Flader SL and Callicott JB (eds.) (1991) The river of the mother of God and other essays by Aldo Leopold. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 266–273 (First published in 1939, Journal of Forestry, 37:727–730)

  • Leopold A (1942/1949) Odyssey. In: A Leopold (1949) A sand county almanac and sketches here and there. Oxford University Press, New York. 104–108 (First published in 1942, Audubon Magazine 44 (3): 133–135)

  • Likens G (2022) Aldo Leopold’s “Odyssey” and the development of the ecosystem concept and approach. Socio Ecol Pract Res.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Likens G, Bormann FH, Johnson NM et al (1970) Effects of forest cutting and herbicide treatment on nutrient budgets in the Hubbard Brook watershed-ecosystem. Ecol Monogr 40:23–47

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lindeman RL (1942) The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology 23:399–418

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Real LA, Brown JH (1991) Foundations of ecology: classic papers with commentaries. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Tansley AG (1935) The use and abuse of vegetational concepts and terms. Ecology 16:284–307

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to J. Baird Callicott.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Callicott, J.B. “Odyssey” complements “A Biotic View of Land” to bolster the case for a more prominent place for Leopold. Socio Ecol Pract Res 4, 19–20 (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Ecosystem
  • Energy flow
  • Nutrient cycles