An adaptive policy-based framework for China’s Carbon Capture and Storage development

Abstract

China’s political leadership has taken an increasingly public and proactive stance on climate change since 2014. This stance includes making a commitment that Chinese carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will peak around 2030 and enacting measures through the 13th Five-Year Plan to support energy efficiency, clean energy technology, and carbon management. Chinese policymakers consider carbon capture and storage (CCS) a critical bridging technology to help accelerate the decarbonization of its economy. This paper reviews and analyzes Chinese CCS support policies from the perspective of an adaptive policymaking framework, recognizing uncertainty as an inherent element of the policymaking process and drawing general lessons for responding to changing circumstances. Notably, the political support for CCS in China remains fragmented with uncoordinated government leadership, undecided industry players, and even with opposing voices from some leading scientists. There is scope for expanding the framework to provide more granularity, in particular relating to the development of a CCS infrastructure and the development of storage-focused CO2-EOR. Overall, given the role CCS can play to decarbonize China’s power and other industrial sectors, a commitment to CCS from top policymakers and major stakeholders is needed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Asian Development Bank (ADB) (2015). Roadmap for carbon capture and storage demonstration and deployment in the People’s Republic of China. https://doi.org/www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/175347/roadmap-ccs-prc.pdf, 2017–7-24

  2. China National Bureau of Statics (2017). The second quarter and the first half of 2017 of China’s GDP preliminary accounting results. https://doi.org/www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/sjjd/201707/t20170717_1513669.html, 2017–7-24

  3. Council on Foreign Relations (2017). China’s environmental crisis. https://doi.org/www.cfr.org/blog-post/chinas-june-reserves, 2017–7-25

  4. Falkner R (2016). The Paris Agreement and the new logic of international climate politics. International Affairs, 92(5): 1107–1125

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Grubb M (2014). Planetary Economics–Energy, Climate Change and the Three Domains of Sustainable Development. London: Routledge

    Google Scholar 

  6. Grübler A, Aguayo F, Gallagher K, Hekkert M, Jiang K J, Mytelka L, Neij L, Nemet G, Wilson C (2012). Policies for the Energy Technology Innovation System. In: Johansson T B, Patwardhan A P, Nakicenovic N, Gomez-Echeverri L, eds. Global Energy Assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

    Google Scholar 

  7. Guo J Q, Wen D G, Zhang S Q, Xu T F, Li X F, Diao Y J, Jia X F (2015). Potential and suitability evaluation of CO2 geological storage in major sedimentary basins of China, and the demonstration project in Ordos Basin. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 89(4): 1319–1332

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Climate (IPCC) (2014). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change: Working Group III Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press

  9. International Energy Agency (IEA) (2012). A policy strategy for carbon capture and storage. Information Paper International Energy Agency (IEA) (2016). The Potential for Equipping China’s Existing Coal Fleet with Carbon Capture and Storage. Paris: OECD/IEA

  10. International Energy Agency (IEA) (2017). Energy Technology Perspectives 2017: Catalysing Energy Technology Transformations. Paris: OECD/IEA

  11. Krahé M, Heidug W, Ward J, Smale R (2013). From demonstration to deployment: An economic analysis of support policies for carbon capture and storage. Energy Policy, 60: 753–763

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Metz B, Davidson O, de Coninck H, Loos M, Meyer L A (2005). IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

    Google Scholar 

  13. Swanson D, Barg S, Tyler S, Venema H, Tomar S, Bhadwal S, Nair S, Roy D, Drexhage J (2010). Seven tools for creating adaptive policies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 77(6): 924–939

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. UNFCCC (2010). Communication of the Department of Climate Change, National Development and Reform Commission of China to the UNFCCC Secretariat, 28 January 2010. https://doi.org/unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_15/copenhagen_accord/application/pdf/chinacphaccord_app2.pdf, 2017–6-18

  15. U.S. Energy Information Administration EIA (2016). China. https://doi.org/www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2016/04/f30/China_International_Analysis_US.pdf, 2017–11–18

  16. Walker W E, Rahman S A, Cave J (2001). Adaptive policies, policy analysis, and policy-making. European Journal of Operational Research, 128(2): 282–289

    Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  17. Ward C, Heidug W, Bjurstrom N H (2018). Enhanced oil recovery and global CO2 storage potential: an economic assessment. KAPSARC, KS-2018–DP27. https://doi.org/www.kapsarc.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/KS-2018-WB015-Decarbonizing-Oil-The-Role-of-CO 2-Enhanced-Oil-Recovery.pdf, 2018–2-18

    Google Scholar 

  18. White House (2014). U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change. https://doi.org/obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/11/us-china-joint-announcement-climate-change, 2017–6-17

  19. White House (2015). U.S.-China Joint Presidential Statement on Climate Change. https://doi.org/obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2015/09/25/us-china-joint-presidential-statement-climate-change, 2017–6-18

  20. Zero Emissions Platform (ZEP) (2013). Building a CO2 transport infrastructure in Europe. https://doi.org/www.zeroemissionsplatform.eu/ccstechnology/transport.html, 2017–2-18

  21. Zhao H R, Guo S, Fu L W (2014). Review on the cost and benefits of renewable energy power subsidy in China. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 37: 538–549

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xiaoliang Yang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Yang, X., Heidug, W. & Cooke, D. An adaptive policy-based framework for China’s Carbon Capture and Storage development. Front. Eng. Manag. 6, 78–86 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42524-019-0003-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • CCS
  • policy
  • climate change
  • China