Skip to main content

Effect of Combined Mechanical and Ultrasonic Milling on the Size Reduction of Talc

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effect of combined mechanical and ultrasonic milling on the size reduction of talc. Firstly, the talc sample was wet ground in a stirred media mill for five different times (30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 min), and the optimum result was subsequently achieved with treatment by ultrasonication. The effects of amplitude (20, 35, and 50 μm), solid content (2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10%), and sonication time (60, 120, and 240 min) on the sizes of the final product were investigated. The pre-milling by wet grinding caused a decrease in the grinding resistance of talc. Sequential ultrasonic treatment, which was applied to the talc sample, generated smaller particles in comparison to those acquired by stirred media milling alone. Experimental results were assessed based on the product particle size (d10, d50), reduction ratio, and specific energy consumption. Submicron particles prepared by ultrasonic treatment were perfectly stable compared to stirred media milling alone as investigated in terms of particle size. In addition, the effects of mechanical and ultrasonic milling on structural properties of talc particles were characterized by XRD analysis.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

References

  1. 1.

    Hielscher K (2011) Innovative use of ultrasound in the manufacture of paints and coatings. Composites 2011, American Composites Manufacturers Association, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA, February 2-4

  2. 2.

    Baruah S, Khan MN, Dutta J (2016) Perspectives and applications of nanotechnology in water treatment. Environ Chem Lett 14:1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-015-0542-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Nasiri M, Bertrand A, Reineke TM, Hillmyer MA (2014) Polymeric nanocylinders by combining block copolymer self-assembly and nanoskiving. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:16283–16288. https://doi.org/10.1021/am504486r

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Hubbell JA, Thomas SN, Swartz MA (2009) Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature 462:449–461. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08604

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Inam MA, Quattara S, Frances C (2011) Effects of concentration of dispersions on particle sizing during production of fine particles in wet grinding process. Powder Technol 208:329–336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2010.08.025

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Wang Y, Forssberg E (2007) Enhancement of energy efficiency for mechanical production of fine and ultra-fine particles in comminution. China Particuol 5:193–201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpart.2007.04.003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Radzuan R, Abdul Majeed AB, Julianto T, Hamzah MK, Hamzah, NR, Bukhari NI (2009) Performance evaluation on effect of pre-sonication on nanoparticulates during wet nano-milling of drugs. 4th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, 25–27 May 2009, USA, 1851–1855. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICIEA.2009.5138518

  8. 8.

    Patel CM, Chakraborty M, Murthy ZVP (2014) Enhancement of stirred media mill performance by a new mixed media grinding strategy. J Ind Eng Chem 20(4):2111–2118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Hassan TA, Rangari VK, Rana RK, Jeelani S (2013) Sonochemical effect on size reduction of CaCO3 nanoparticles derived from waste eggshells. Ultrason Sonochem 20:1308–1315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.01.016

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Mosaddegh E (2013) Ultrasonic-assisted preparation of nano eggshell powder: a novel catalyst in green and high efficient synthesis of 2-aminochromenes. Ultrason Sonochem 20:1436–1441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.04.008

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Perez-Maqueda LA, Duran A, Perez-Rodriguez JL (2005) Preparation of submicron talc particles by sonication. Appl Clay Sci 28:245–255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.09.040

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Raman V, Abbas A (2008) Experimental investigations on ultrasound mediated particle breakage. Ultrason Sonochem 15:55–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2006.11.009

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Nguyen VS, Rouxel D, Hadji R, Vincent B, Fort Y (2011) Effect of ultrasonication and dispersion stability on the cluster size of alumina nanoscale particles in aqueous solutions. Ultrason Sonochem 18:382–388. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2010.07.003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Mandzy N, Grulke E, Druffel T (2005) Breakage of TiO2 agglomerates in electrostatically stabilized aqueous dispersions. Powder Technol 160:121–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2005.08.020

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Bougrier C, Carrere H, Delgenes JP (2005) Solubilization of waste-activated sludge by ultrasound treatment. Chem Eng J 106:163–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2004.11.013

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Austin LG, Klimpel RR, Luckie PT (1984) Process engineering of size reduction: ball milling. SME, New York 561 pp

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Mason T, Lorimer J (2002) Applied sonochemistry: the uses of power ultrasound in chemistry and processing. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weiheim. https://doi.org/10.1002/352760054X

    Book  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Sivasubramanian M, Nedunjezhian K, Murugesan S, Sekar RK (2012) Sub-micron dispersions of sand in water prepared by stirred bead milling and ultrasonication: a potential coolant. Appl Therm Eng 44:1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.04.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Park MW, Yeo SD (2010) Antisolvent crystallization of roxithromycin and the effect of ultrasound. Sep Sci Technol 45:1402–1410. https://doi.org/10.1080/01496391003689538

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Delgado A, Matijevic E (1991) Particle-size distribution of inorganic colloidal dispersions- a comparison of different techniques. Part Part Syst Charact 8:128–135. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppsc.19910080124

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Sauter C, Emin MA, Schuchmann HP, Tavman S (2008) Influence of hydrostatic pressure and sound amplitude on the ultrasound induced dispersion and deagglomeration of nanoparticles. Ultrason Sonochem 15:517–523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2007.08.010

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Vasylkiv O, Sakka Y (2001) Synthesis and colloidal processing of zirconia nanopowder. J Am Ceram Soc 84:2489–2494. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.2001.tb01041.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Mochalin VN, Sagar A, Gour S, Gogotsi Y (2009) Manufacturing nanosized fenofibrate by salt assisted milling. Pharm Res 26(6):1365–1370. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11095-009-9846-x

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The author would like to thank Mikron’s Company for providing the sample for the present study.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Diler Katircioglu-Bayel.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Katircioglu-Bayel, D. Effect of Combined Mechanical and Ultrasonic Milling on the Size Reduction of Talc. Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration 37, 311–320 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42461-019-00105-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Stirred media mill
  • Ultrasonication
  • Talc
  • Submicron particles
  • Size reduction