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Proposing a Community-Based Wildlife Conservation Well-Being Instrument

Abstract

In this perspective article, we propose a well-being survey instrument based on Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness (GNH) framework for use in community-based wildlife conservation projects. Allgood, Hofberg, Musikanski, Michelini and Moser (2019) found that while there is a need, there is not a well-being survey instrument that includes indicators to measure the impacts on community and wildlife for communality-based wildlife conservation projects. The instrument proposed in this paper is designed to meet the unmet need. It is developed based existing instruments as well as indicators adapted by the authors based on the authors’ experience. The proposal concludes with recommendations for use of the instrument.

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Correspondence to Laura Musikanski.

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Appendix 1

Appendix 1

Demographic Questions

The following demographic questions are provided. Users will have the ability to change or adapt questions. For example, the question for what nation, region and city or town one lives in can be adapted to a neighborhood or area in a community. The questions are drawn from the Happiness Alliance’s Happiness Index (Musikanski et al. 2017a).

Question: What is your current age?

Answers: <12 years old, 12–17 years old, 18–24 years old, 25–29 years old, 30–34 years old, 35–39 years old, 40–44 years old, 45–49 years old, 50–54 years old, 55–59 years old, 60–64 years old, 65–69 years old, 70–74 years old, 75–79 years old, 80–84 years old, 85–89 years old, 90 years or older.

Question: Which gender do you identify as? Answers: Female, male, other.

Question: What race or ethnicity do you identify as? Answers: Black/African, East Asian, Hispanic, Middle Eastern, South Asian, White/European/Caucasian, two or more, other, prefer not to say.

Question: What is your current marital status? Answers: Married, domestic partnership, never married and/or never in a domestic partnership, separated, divorced, widowed, other.

Question: How many people currently reside in your household, including you? Answers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or more.

Question: Do you have any children under 18? Answers: Yes, no.

Question: What country do you live in? Answer: (Dropdown of nations).

Question: What region or state do you live in? Answer: (Dropdown of regions or states).

Question: What city or town do you live in? Answer: (Dropdown of cities or towns).

Question: What is the highest level of education that you have completed? Answers: Less than Grade 9 (no high school), More than Grade 9 but less than Grade 12 (started high school but did not graduate), high school graduate or equivalent, Trade, technical or vocational training, associate’s degree (AA, AS, etc.), bachelor’s degree (BA, AB, BS, etc.), Graduate university degree (MA, MS, MBA, etc.), professional degree (MD, DDS, DVM, LLB, JD, etc.), doctoral degree (PhD, EdD, etc.), other. Question:

What was your total household income from all sources last year? Answers: <$10,000, $10,000–$19,999, $20,000–$29,999, $30,000–$39,999, $40,000–$49,999, $50,000–$59,999, $60,000–$69,999, $70,000–$79,999, $80,000–$89,999, $90,000–$99,999, $100,000– $109,999, $110,000–$119,999, $120,000–$129,999, $130,000–$139,999, $140,000–$149,999, $150,000–$159,999, $160,000–$169,999, $170,000–$179,999, $180,000–$189,999, $190,000– $199,999, ≥$200,000.

Question: Regarding employment, which of the following options best describe your current work life? Answers: Full-time employee, part-time employee, working independently/self-employed, military, volunteer, homemaker, unemployed looking for work, unemployed not looking for work, retired, student or in training, unable to work, other.

Question: In one word, what makes you happy?

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Musikanski, L., Allgood, B., Hofberg, M. et al. Proposing a Community-Based Wildlife Conservation Well-Being Instrument. Int. Journal of Com. WB 4, 91–111 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42413-020-00069-4

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Keywords

  • Well-being
  • Community-based wildlife conservation
  • Community engagement
  • Indicators