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Analysis of Quality of Life Parameters in a Health-Promoting Program for a Population with Cardiovascular Risk Factors: a Preliminary Study

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One of the main risk factors of premature death in non-communicable diseases is physical inactivity, being as significant as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and even smoking. It has been observed that interventions for carrying out physical activity (PA) in a communal environment have been very effective in terms of participation and adherence. The aim of this study is to prove the changes that occur on a physical level in a group of 46 patients on a regulated promotion plan for PA for health. The study consisted of a total of 15 weeks, during which a series of measurements were taken on the patients prior and post carrying out the program. There were significant changes in the undertaking of body mass index (p = 0.006), systolic and diastolic arterial pressure (p = 0.03 and p = 0.01, respectively), changes in attitude [degree of PA (METs, p ≤= 0.001)], changes in perceived quality of life (EuroQoL-VAS, p ≤= 0.001), as well as in the total number of risk factors (RFT, p = 0.03). These data confirm that a regulated program of PA is effective improving cardiovascular risk factors; improving all parameters of functional fitness studied; increasing the degree of PA; and increasing the subjective perception of patients’ health. Furthermore, it is verified that carrying out these types of programs is awarded a high degree of satisfaction by the participants.

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This research project has been done, thanks to the support of the Basque Government Sport Service together with the collaboration of the Health Council. Furthermore, it is worth highlighting the collaboration of the members of the medical body of the Uribe-Kosta province and those of the Txorierri Affiliation, as well as the sport and culture staff of the different municipalities of the area. Thanks also to the doctors Antonio Escobar and Oscar Moracho for the advice on the statistical process.

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All authors contributed to the manuscript in all phases of written from the conception and design to the approval of this version passing through the analysis and interpretation of the data and the critical review for intellectual content.

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Correspondence to Xabier Río.

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The study was approved by the University of Deusto Ethics Committee (reference # ETK-32/18-19), and written informed consent was obtained prior to study participation.

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Río, X., González-Pérez, A., Larrinaga-Undabarrena, A. et al. Analysis of Quality of Life Parameters in a Health-Promoting Program for a Population with Cardiovascular Risk Factors: a Preliminary Study. SN Compr. Clin. Med. 2, 2221–2229 (2020).

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