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Etiology of an emerging disease: bakanae of rice

Abstract

Bakanae disease caused by Fusarium fujikuroi Nirenberg is reported from almost all the rice growing countries of the world and it has emerged as a major problem in Asian countries. The typical and distinguished symptoms of the disease are elongation and rotting of rice plants. F. fujikuroi produces broad spectrum secondary metabolites, pigments and mycotoxins resulting quantitative and qualitative losses to rice crop. Recent changes in climate and cropping patterns have aggravated this disease. In this article, the information on disease etiology and management has been discussed.

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Acknowledgements

I thank Indian Phytopathological Society for awarding M. K. Patel memorial lecture award and Director and Joint Director Research, Head, Division of Plant Pathology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute for the providing facilities. I acknowledge Dr. Rashmi Aggarwal, Dr. A.K. Singh, Dr. Gopalakrishnan, Dr. S. C. Dubey, Dr. Dinesh Singh for the guidance and Dr. Sapna Sharma, Kirti, Mr. Sunil kumar Sunani, Mr. Jagdish Yadav, Mr. Dhiraj Singh for their help in conducting experiments.

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Bashyal, B.M. Etiology of an emerging disease: bakanae of rice. Indian Phytopathology 71, 485–494 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42360-018-0091-2

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Keywords

  • Bakanae
  • Rice
  • Fusarium fujikuroi
  • Symptoms
  • Management