Indian Phytopathology

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 83–89 | Cite as

Integrated management of soft rot of ginger in Northeastern hills of India

  • A. Ratankumar Singh
  • S. K. Dutta
  • T. Boopathi
  • S. B. Singh
  • Lungmuana
  • Saurav Saha
  • Vishambhar Dayal
  • P. Anita
  • L. Sanajoaba Singh


Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a valuable cash crop in the northeastern hill of India and rhizome rot incited by Pythium aphanidermatum is a highly destructive in all the ginger growing areas of Mizoram. Incidence of soft rot disease recorded in the state varied from 7.23 to 40.26% and 5.23 to 34.84% in 2012 and 2013, respectively. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of integrated module of chemicals and non-chemicals against soft rot disease of ginger at ICAR-RC for NEH Region, Mizoram Centre, Kolasib, during 2012 and 2013. The pot culture study revealed that the highest germination percent (92.0 and 87.0%), least soft rot incidence (9.6 and 13.2%) and maximum yield (172.03 and 169.43 g/plot) were recorded in the treatment T3 i.e. treatment of rhizomes with fungicides, pyraclostrobin [strobilurins 20% at 0.2% for 30 min, followed by soil drenching with copper oxychloride (blitox 50 W) at 0.3%] for three times starting with disease initiation at 20 days interval. The two years field study indicated that rhizome treatment (T4) in hot water at 47 °C for 30 min and soil application of Trichoderma harzianum at 2.5 kg/50 kg FYM/ha, followed by three drenching of copper oxychloride (0.3%) was most effective in limiting the incidence of soft rot (19.29%) on ginger besides having their significant response in improving the growth and yield (41.90 q/ha).


Ginger Jhum Management Mizoram Pythium aphanidermatum Soft rot 



The authors are grateful to the Director of Research, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nuani, Solan, Himachal Pradesh and the Director of ICAR RC NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya for financial help through the network project (Project code: OXX02243) on “Management of soft rot of ginger” under Mini Mission-1 a centrally sponsored scheme for integrated development of horticulture in Himachal Pradesh. Authors thank the two anonymous reviewers and the editors for improving the previous version of the manuscript.


  1. Ahamad S (2013) Hill agriculture. Astral Publishing House, New Delhi, p 550Google Scholar
  2. Ahamad S (2017) Management of rhizome rot of ginger at farmers field in Jammu region. Indian Phytopath. 70(2):252–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anoop K, Bhai RS (2014) Evaluation of antagonistic potential of indigenous Trichoderma isolates against Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitz causing rhizome rot in turmeric (Curcuma longa L). J Sci 4(2):99–105Google Scholar
  4. Basistha A, Homan R (2015) Evaluation and selection of appropriate management package of ginger rhizome rot disease in field condition. J Agri Veterinary Sci 8:53–56Google Scholar
  5. Bhai RS, Sasikumar B, Kumar A (2013) Evaluation of ginger germplasm for resistance to soft rot caused by Pythium myriotylum. Indian Phytopath. 66:93–95Google Scholar
  6. Daiho L and Upadhyay DN (2004) Screening of ginger genotypes from North-Eastern States against rhizome rot of ginger In: National Agricultural Technology Project Final Report (2001–2004), Nagaland University, Nagaland, 14Google Scholar
  7. Dake GN, Edison S (1989) Association of pathogens with rhizome rot of ginger in Kerala. Indian Phytopath. 42(1):116–119Google Scholar
  8. Das TPM, Devdas VS, Pillai GR (1990) Efficacy of fungicides for seed treatment against pre-emergence rhizome rot of ginger. Indian Cocoa, Arecanut Spices J 14:13–15Google Scholar
  9. Dohroo NP (2001) Etiology and management of storage rot of ginger in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Phytopath 54:49–54Google Scholar
  10. Dohroo NP, Gupta M (2014) Effect of bioagents on management of rhizome diseases, plant growth parameters and nematode population in ginger. Agric Sci Digest 34:41–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dohroo NP, Kansal S, Ahluwalia N (2012) Status of soft rot of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Technical Bulletin, Department of Vegetable Science, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nuani 173 320, Solan, India, 22Google Scholar
  12. Dohroo NP, Kansal S, Ahluwalia N (2015) Studies on eco-farmer-friendly practices for management of soft rot of ginger (Zingiber officinale). Indian Phytopath. 68:93–96Google Scholar
  13. Ekka S, Prasad SM, Sharma RB (2009) Occurrence and relative dominance of pathogens in rhizome rot of ginger at Ranchi. Indian Phytopath 62:505–508Google Scholar
  14. Gangawane LV, Shaikh SA (1988) Management of resistance in Pythium aphanidermatum to aluminium ethyl phosphite. Curr Sci 56:905–906Google Scholar
  15. Ghorpade SA, Ajri DS (1982) Effectiveness of oilseed cakes in control of rhizome rot. J Maharashtra Agric Univ 7:272Google Scholar
  16. Godtfredsen WO, Vagedal S (1965) Trichodermin new sesquiterpene antibiotic. Acta Chem Scandinavica 19:1088–1102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gupta M, Dohroo NP, Gangta V, Shanmugam V (2010) Effect of microbial inoculants on rhizome disease and growth parameters of ginger. Indian Phytopath 63:438–441Google Scholar
  18. Haware MP, Joshi LK (1974) Studies on soft rot of ginger from Madhya Pradesh. Indian Phytopath 27:158–159Google Scholar
  19. Kavyashree R (2009) An efficient in vitro protocol for clonal multiplication of ginger—var. Varada. Indian J Biotech 8:328–331Google Scholar
  20. Kulkarni S, Kulkarni SA, Suryanarayna V, Lokesha NM (2003) Scenarios of rhizome rot of ginger in northern Karnataka. Plant Pathol Newsl 21:32Google Scholar
  21. Kumar A, Anandraj M, Sharma YR (2003). Rhizome solarization and microwave treatment: ecofriendly methods for disinfecting ginger seed rhizomes. In: Allen C, Hayward AC, Prion P (eds) Bacterial wilt and Ralstonia solnacearum species complex. American Phytopathological SocietyGoogle Scholar
  22. Lalfakawma C, Nath BC, Bora LC, Srivastava S, Singh JP (2014) Integrated disease management of Zingiber officinale Rosc. rhizome rot. The Bioscan 9:265–269Google Scholar
  23. Paret ML, Cabos R, Kratky BA, Alvarez AM (2010) Effect of plant essential oils on Ralstonia solanacearum Race 4 and bacterial wilt of edible ginger. Plant Dis 94:521–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pyke TR, Dietz A (1960) U-Zn-963: a new antibiotic I-discovery and biological activity. Appl Microbiol 14:506–510Google Scholar
  25. Rajan PP, Gupta SR, Sarma YR, Jackson GVH (2002) Diseases of ginger and their control with Trichoderma harzianum. Indian Phytopath 55(2):173–177Google Scholar
  26. Ram D, Mathur K, Lodha BC, Webster J (2000) Evaluation of resident biocontrol agents as seed treatments against ginger rhizome rot. Indian Phytopath 53:450–454Google Scholar
  27. Rana KS, Arya PS (1991) Rhizome rot and yellows disease of ginger in H.P. Indian J Mycol Plant Pathol 21:60–62Google Scholar
  28. Senapati AK, Ghose S (2005) Screening of ginger varieties against rhizome rot disease complex in eastern ghat high land zone of Orissa. Indian Phytopath 58(4):437–439Google Scholar
  29. Shanmugam V, Gupta S, Dohroo NP (2013) Selection of a compatible biocontrol strain mixture based on co-cultivation to control rhizome rot of ginger. Crop Protection 43:119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sharma BK, Rana KS (2000) Management of ginger yellows. Plant Dis Res 15(1):107–109Google Scholar
  31. Sharma BR, Dutta S, Roy S, Debnath A, Roy MD (2010) The effect of soil physico-chemical properties on rhizome rot and wilt disease complex incidence of ginger under hill agro-climatic region of West Bengal. Plant Pathol J 26:198–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Singh AK, Singh S, Edison S (2004) Effect of shading on the Phyllosticta leaf spot, sun burn of leaves and yield of ginger. Indian Phytopath 57:197–199Google Scholar
  33. Sterling AM (2004) The causes of poor establishment of ginger in Queensland, Australia. Aust Plant Pathol 33(2):203–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Suryanarayana V, Kulkarni S, Lokesha NM (2005) Soft rot of ginger—a threatened scenario in Malnad tract of Karnataka. In: National Seminar on Emerging Trends in Plant Pathology and Their Social Relevance. Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil NaduGoogle Scholar
  35. Thakur A, Thakur N, Dohroo NP (2017) Rhizome rot of ginger-management through non-chemical approach. Internat J Plant Protection 10:140–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Waterhouse GM (1967) Key to Pythium Pringsheim. Mycol Papers 109:1–15Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Phytopathological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ratankumar Singh
    • 1
  • S. K. Dutta
    • 1
  • T. Boopathi
    • 1
  • S. B. Singh
    • 1
  • Lungmuana
    • 1
  • Saurav Saha
    • 1
  • Vishambhar Dayal
    • 1
  • P. Anita
    • 2
  • L. Sanajoaba Singh
    • 3
  1. 1.Crop Protection DivisionICAR-Research Complex for NEH Region, Mizoram CentreKolasibIndia
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologyBidhan Chandra Krishi VisshavidalayaNadiaIndia

Personalised recommendations