Shading and Diode Fault Effects on PV Array Performances

  • Billel Lamri
  • Abdallah Abderrezak
  • Hamid Razem
  • Nabil Kahoul
Review Paper


The paper presents an experimental and theoretical study on the performance of a photovoltaic system in order to determine the impacts of various external and internal factors on the performance of photovoltaic modules. The proposed model of the photovoltaic module was developed using MATLAB/SIMULINK software. This accurate model shows solar illumination effect on electrical power generated by a PV module. Furthermore, the proposed model also illustrates the effect of partial shading and protection diodes faults on the current–voltage and power–voltage characteristics of a PV module, PV string and PV array. The obtained results and the theoretical basis confirm the reliability and performance of the proposed model.


PV module Simulink model Diode faults effect Partial shading I–V and P–V curves 


  1. 1.
    M.S. Khalid, M.A. Abido, Electr. Power Syst. Res. 116, 243 (2014). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    Krismadinata, A.R. Nasrudin, W.P. Hew, S. Jeyraj, Proc. Environ. Sci. 17, 537 (2013). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Q. Chen, Z. Ming, Phys. Proc. 24, 94 (2012). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Chowdhury, I. Koley, S. Sen, P.K. Saha, G.K. Panda, Int. J. Adv. Res. Electr. Electron. Inst. Eng. 2(4), 1183 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Bouraiou, M. Hamouda, A. Chaker, M. Sadok, M. Mostefaoui, S. Lachtar, Energy Proc. 74, 864 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    N.M.A Alrahim Shannan, N.Z. Yahaya, B. Singh, in 2013 IEEE International Conference on Control System, Computing and Engineering, Penang, Malaysia, 29 Nov to 1 Dec 2013Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Bidram, A. Davoudi, R.S. Balog, IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(4), 532 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y.H. Liu, S.C. Huang, J.W. Huang, W.C. Liang, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 27, 4 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T.L. Nguyen, K.S. Low, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 57, 10 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y. Wang, Y. Li, X. Ruan, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. (2015). Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.F. Coelho, F. Cancer, D.C. Martins, IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISlE 2009). Seoul Olympic Parktel, Seoul, Korea July 5–8, p. 1624 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. Lalili, A. Mellit, N. Lourci, B. Medjahed, E.M. Berkouk, Renew. Energy 36, 3282 (2011). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M.G. Villalva, J.R. Gazoli, E.R. Filho, IEEE, p. 1244. 978-1-4244-3370-4/09/$25.00 (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    N. Kahoul, M. Houabes, M. Sadok, Energy Convers. Manage. 82, 320 (2014). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. Kahoul, M. Houabes, A. Neçaibia, Front. Energy. 9, 170 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Kahoul, R. Chenni, H. Cheghib, S. Mekhilef, Renew. Energy 109, 66 (2017). CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Billel Lamri
    • 1
  • Abdallah Abderrezak
    • 1
  • Hamid Razem
    • 1
  • Nabil Kahoul
    • 2
  1. 1.Electrical Engineering DepartmentBadji Mokhtar UniversityAnnabaAlgeria
  2. 2.Electromechanical Systems LaboratoryBadji Mokhtar UniversityAnnabaAlgeria

Personalised recommendations