An Investigation into Language Learners’ L2WTC by Casting a New Look at Feedback Through the Lenses of Life-Responsive Approach to Language Teaching

  • Haniyeh Jajarmi
  • Sahar Tabatabaee Farani
  • Shaghayegh ShayestehEmail author
Original Paper


Given that communication is the ultimate goal of language classes and that humanistic psychology esteems education as a means of improving the quality of life, in this study, we intended to juxtapose the two views, coining a new form of feedback, called life feedback, to address the extent to which the proposed feedback is able to raise willingness to communicate (WTC) in language learners. In so doing, 20 language teachers along with their 324 students took part in the study. Adopting a mixed-methods approach, in the qualitative phase, we observed 30 minutes of discussion in the language classes. Based on the type of feedback (i.e., life or linguistic) the teachers gave to their learners, we categorized them into life teachers and linguistic teachers. As for the quantitative phase, WTC questionnaire was administered to the learners. To analyze the data, an independent-samples t test was run. The overall results indicated that the teachers who mainly provided their learners with life feedback, in comparison with those who made more use of linguistic feedback, could better foster learners’ WTC. The concept was discussed and implications were provided for the language education context.


Feedback Willingness to communicate Applied ELT Life feedback Life-responsive approach to language teaching 



語言課程的最終目標及人文心理學觀點皆認為生活品質得以藉由教育而有所提高。立基於上面兩個觀點, 本研究提出了名為「生活反饋」的新型反饋形式, 並探究這種反饋形式能在提高語言學習者溝通意願 (WTC) 的面向上有多少程度的助益。本研究招募了20名語言教師和324名學生, 並應用了質、量混合分析方法來檢驗本研究資料。在質性資料搜集階段, 我們對各個課程中的討論進行了30分鐘的觀課, 並根據教師給學生的反饋類型 (生活反饋或語言反饋) 將教師分為生活教師與語言教師兩類。在量話資料搜集階段, 我們則對學習者進行了溝通意願的問卷調查。我們使用了獨立樣本t檢驗來分析數據。就總體結果來說, 相較於提供 (較多) 語言反饋的教師, 提供學習者生活反饋的教師更能促進學習者的溝通意願。本研究亦就此新型反饋形式進行討論並提出其在語言教育上的教學暗示。


反馈 沟通意愿 应用ELT 生活反馈 语言教学的生活反应方法 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© National Taiwan Normal University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Letters & HumanitiesFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran

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