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Development of photovoltaic solar cells based on heterostructure of layered materials: challenges and opportunities

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Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) van derWaals layered materials created new avenue for the last decade in the field of optoelectronics for showing promising new and diverse applications. Strong light-matter interaction properties on these materials in single to few atomic layer form realized promising thinnest possible photovoltaic solar cells. Over the past few years, optoelectronics properties such as field-effect transistors, photodiodes, memory devices, optical switching, and excitonic physics of these materials have been intensively explored which indicates great potential for photovoltaic applications. Here, we reviewed the recent progress on photovoltaic solar cells of these 2D materials and their heterostructures with different device configurations. The p-n junction solar cells of vertical and lateral configuration devices are discussed in detail based on their stacking using mechanical transfer method or fabricated using CVD technique. The performance of each device configurations was also discussed based on their charge collection efficiency. In addition, we discussed the challenges and limitation of these photovoltaic solar cells and the possible routes to enhance the efficiency for future practical applications.

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Funding

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from NSF PREM through NSF-DMR#1826886 and HBCU-UP Excellence in research NSF-DMR#1900692.

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Das, P., Behura, S.K., McGill, S.A. et al. Development of photovoltaic solar cells based on heterostructure of layered materials: challenges and opportunities. emergent mater. 4, 881–900 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42247-021-00205-6

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