Energy dissipation of slot-type flip buckets
The energy dissipation is a key index in the evaluation of energy dissipation elements. In the present work, a flip bucket with a slot, called the slot-type flip bucket, is theoretically and experimentally investigated by the method of estimating the energy dissipation. The theoretical analysis shows that, in order to have the energy dissipation, it is necessary to determine the sequent flow depth h1 and the flow speed V1 at the corresponding position through the flow depth h2 after the hydraulic jump. The relative flow depth h2 / ho is a function of the approach flow Froude number Fro, the relative slot width b/Bo, and the relative slot angle θ/β. The expression for estimating the energy dissipation is developed, and the maximum error is not larger than 9.21%.
Key wordsEnergy dissipation hydraulic jump slot-type flip bucket
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