Multifunctional phase change composites are in great demand for all kinds of industrial technologies and applications, which have both superior latent heat capacity and excellent solar-thermal conversion capability. In this research, biomimetic phase change composites are made by inspired by natural systems, successfully getting the high thermal conductivity of carbon foam and magnetism of composites together, to establish a novel solar-thermal energy storage method. The morphology and the thermal characteristics of biomimetic phase change composites have been characterized. The results showed that the maximum storage efficiency of the biomimetic phase change materials increased by 56.3% compared to that of the based materials, and it can further be improved by the application of magnetic field. Meanwhile the heat transfer process of solar-thermal conversion and energy storage in biomimetic porous structure under the external physical fields has been explained by simulation. Thus, the magnetic field-induced method applied in this research has better solar-thermal energy storage characteristics within a porous structure by dynamically controlling the magnetism, which has potential uses for various sustainable applications, including waste-heat recovery, energy conservation in building, and solar-thermal energy storage.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Ghalambaz, M., Zadeh, S. M. H., Mehryan, S. A. M., Pop, I., & Wen, D. (2020). Analysis of melting behavior of PCMs in a cavity subject to a non-uniform magnetic field using a moving grid technique. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 77, 1936–1953.
Nourani, M., Hamdami, N., Keramat, J., Moheb, A., & Shahedi, M. (2016). Thermal behavior of paraffin-nano-Al2O3 stabilized by sodium stearoyl lactylate as a stable phase change material with high thermal conductivity. Renewable Energy, 88, 474–482.
Liang, W. D., Wang, L. N., Zhu, H. Y., Pan, Y., Zhu, Z. Q., Sun, H. X., et al. (2018). Enhanced thermal conductivity of phase change material nanocomposites based on MnO2 nanowires and nanotubes for energy storage. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 180, 158–167.
Shi, L., Wang, X. Z., Hu, Y. W., He, Y. R., & Yan, Y. Y. (2020). Bio-inspired recyclable carbon interface for solar steam generation. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 17, 315–325.
Ye, H., Yuan, Z., & Zhang, S. Q. (2013). The heat and mass transfer analysis of a leaf. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 10, 170–176.
Cheng, Z. D., He, Y. L., & Cui, F. Q. (2013). A new modelling method and unified code with MCRT for concentrating solar collectors and its applications. Applied Energy, 101, 686–698.
Mohammadnia, A., Rezania, A., Ziapour, B. M., Sedaghati, F., & Rosendahl, L. (2020). Hybrid energy harvesting system to maximize power generation from solar energy. Energy Conversion and Management, 205, 112352.
Feng, D. L., Feng, Y. H., Qiu, L., Li, P., Zhang, Y. Y., Zou, H. Y., et al. (2019). Review on nanoporous composite phase change materials: fabrication, characterization, enhancement and molecular simulation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 109, 578–605.
Jia, H., Guo, J. S., & Zhu, J. J. (2017). Comparison of the photo-thermal energy conversion behavior of polar bear hair and wool of sheep. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 14, 616–621.
Zeng, J., & Xuan, Y. M. (2018). Enhanced solar thermal conversion and thermal conduction of MWCNT-SiO2/Ag binary nanofluids. Applied Energy, 212, 809–819.
Tasnim, S. H., Hossain, R., Mahmud, S., & Dutta, A. (2015). Convection effect on the melting process of nano-PCM inside porous enclosure. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 85, 206–220.
Li, Y. Y., Yu, S., Chen, P., Rojas, R., Hajian, A., & Berglund, L. (2017). Cellulose nanofibers enable paraffin encapsulation and the formation of stable thermal regulation nanocomposites. Nano Energy, 34, 541–548.
Wang, Y. F., Wang, L., Xie, N. N., Lin, X. P., & Chen, H. S. (2016). Experimental study on the melting and solidification behavior of erythritol in a vertical shell-and-tube latent heat thermal storage unit. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 99, 770–781.
Xiao, X., Jia, H. W., Wen, D. S., & Zhao, X. D. (2020). Thermal performance analysis of a solar energy storage unit encapsulated with HITEC salt/copper foam/nanoparticles composite. Energy, 192, 116593.
Sivapalan, B., Chandran, M., Manikandan, S., Saranprabhu, M. K., Pavithra, S., & Rajan, K. S. (2018). Paraffin wax-water nanoemulsion: a superior thermal energy storage medium providing higher rate of thermal energy storage per unit heat exchanger volume than water and paraffin wax. Energy Conversion and Management, 162, 109–117.
Yu, Y. S., Tao, Y. B., & He, Y. L. (2020). Molecular dynamics simulation of thermophysical properties of NaCl-SiO2 based molten salt composite phase change materials. Applied Thermal Engineering, 166, 114628.
Ren, Q. L. (2019). Enhancement of nanoparticle-phase change material melting performance using a sinusoidal heat pipe. Energy Conversion and Management, 180, 784–795.
Pereira, J., & Eames, P. (2016). Thermal energy storage for low and medium temperature applications using phase change materials—a review. Applied Energy, 177, 227–238.
Hussein, O. A., Habib, K., Muhsan, A. S., Saidur, R., Alawi, O. A., & Ibrahim, T. K. (2020). Thermal performance enhancement of a flat plate solar collector using hybrid nanofluid. Solar Energy, 204, 208–222.
Li, B., Zhou, W. N., Yan, Y. Y., Han, Z. W., & Ren, L. Q. (2013). Numerical modelling of electroosmotic driven flow in nanoporous media by Lattice Boltzmann method. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 10, 90–99.
Zhang, Q., Wang, H. C., Ling, Z. Y., Fang, X. M., & Zhang, Z. G. (2015). RT100/expand graphite composite phase change material with excellent structure stability, solar-thermal performance and good thermal reliability. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 140, 158–166.
Han, Z. W., Niu, S. C., Zhang, L. F., Liu, Z. N., & Ren, L. Q. (2013). Light trapping effect in wing scales of butterfly Papilio peranthus and its simulations. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 10, 162–169.
Shi, L., Hu, Y., Bai, Y., & He, Y. R. (2020). Dynamic tuning of magnetic phase change composites for solar-thermal conversion and energy storage. Applied Energy, 263, 114570.
Xu, B., Zhou, J., Ni, Z. J., Zhang, C. X., & Lu, C. D. (2018). Synthesis of novel microencapsulated phase change materials with copper and copper oxide for solar energy storage and solar-thermal conversion. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 179, 87–94.
Feng, Y. C., Li, H. X., Li, L. X., Bu, L., & Wang, T. (2015). Numerical investigation on the melting of nanoparticle-enhanced phase change materials (NEPCM) in a bottom-heated rectangular cavity using lattice Boltzmann method. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 81, 415–425.
Sheikholeslami, M. (2018). Solidification of NEPCM under the effect of magnetic field in a porous thermal energy storage enclosure using CuO nanoparticles. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 263, 303–315.
Hashemi-Tilehnoee, M., Dogonchi, A. S., Seyyedi, S. M., & Sharifpur, M. (2020). Magneto-fluid dynamic and second law analysis in a hot porous cavity filled by nanofluid and nano-encapsulated phase change material suspension with different layout of cooling channels. Journal of Energy Storage, 31, 101720.
Wang, W. T., Tang, B. T., Ju, B. Z., Gao, Z. M., Xiu, J. H., & Zhang, S. F. (2017). Fe3O4-functionalized graphene nanosheet embedded phase change material composites: efficient magnetic-and sunlight-driven energy conversion and storage. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5, 958–968.
Yu, Q., Lu, Y. W., Zhang, C. C., Wu, Y. T., & Sunden, B. (2019). Research on thermal properties of novel silica nanoparticle/binary nitrate/expanded graphite composite heat storage blocks. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 201, 110055.
Wu, W. X., Wu, W., & Wang, S. F. (2019). Form-stable and thermally induced flexible composite phase change material for thermal energy storage and thermal management applications. Applied Energy, 236, 10–21.
Liu, J., Chen, L. L., Fang, X. M., & Zhang, Z. G. (2017). Preparation of graphite nanoparticles-modified phase change microcapsules and their dispersed slurry for direct absorption solar collectors. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 159, 159–166.
Feng, D. L., Feng, Y. H., Li, P., Zang, Y. Y., Wang, C., & Zhang, X. X. (2020). Modified mesoporous silica filled with PEG as a shape-stabilized phase change materials for improved thermal energy storage performance. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 292, 109756.
Sarı, A., Biçer, A., & Hekimoğlu, G. (2019). Effects of carbon nanotubes additive on thermal conductivity and thermal energy storage properties of a novel composite phase change material. Journal of Composite Materials, 53, 2967–2980.
Oya, T., Nomura, T., Tsubota, M., Okinaka, N., & Akiyama, T. (2013). Thermal conductivity enhancement of erythritol as PCM by using graphite and nickel particles. Applied Thermal Engineering, 61, 825–828.
Sun, J., Song, L. J., Fan, Y., Tian, L. M., Luan, S. F., Niu, S. C., et al. (2019). Synergistic photodynamic and photothermal antibacterial nanocomposite membrane triggered by single NIR light source. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 11, 26581–26589.
Fu, R., & Yan, Y. Y. (2018). The Effect of particle disaggregation on viscosity of Fe3O4 ethylene glycol–water nanofluid. Journal of Nanofluids, 7, 413–419.
Languri, E. M., Rokni, H. B., Alvarado, J., Takabi, B., & Kong, M. (2018). Heat transfer analysis of microencapsulated phase change material slurry flow in heated helical coils: a numerical and analytical study. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 118, 872–878.
Shi, L., He, Y. R., Hu, Y. W., Wang, X. Z., Jiang, B. C., & Huang, Y. M. (2019). Synthesis of size-controlled hollow Fe3O4 nanospheres and their growth mechanism. Particuology, 49, 16–23.
Zhang, L., Li, R., Tang, B., & Wang, P. (2016). Solar-thermal conversion and thermal energy storage of graphene foam-based composites. Nanoscale, 8(30), 14600–14607.
This work is financially supported by the China National Key Research and Development Plan Project (Grant No. 2018YFA0702300), and H2020-MSCA-RISE (778104) Smart thermal management of high power microprocessors using phase-change (ThermaSMART).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Li, J., Zhu, Z., Arshad, A. et al. Magnetic Field-induced Enhancement of Phase Change Heat Transfer via Biomimetic Porous Structure for Solar-thermal Energy Storage. J Bionic Eng 18, 1215–1224 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-021-00096-7