Journal of Bionic Engineering

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 160–172 | Cite as

Design and optimization of bionic Janus blade in hydraulic torque converter for drag reduction

  • Chunbao Liu
  • Chuang Sheng
  • Hualong Yang
  • Zhe Yuan


The chief aim of the present work was to achieve drag reduction in stator blades with liquid using boundary layer control. A stator blade of hydraulic torque converter with bionic grooves in suction side and hydrophobic surface in pressure side was designed. The hydrophobic surface was created using anodic oxidation method and irregular Al2O3 thin films were found on the surface. They formed hierarchical structure consisting of mini porous structures and microscopic pore spaces, resulting in the hydrophobicity. The bionic groove was designed by Computational Fluids Dynamics (CFD) method. Multi-Island Genetic Algorithm (MIGA) was adopted for groove multi-objective optimization. Through optimization, the maximum drag reduction was close to 12% in oil. In addition, the drag reduction calculation was verified by closed channel experiment and “Tire Vortex” was proposed to explain the drag reduction mechanism. The bionic Janus blade could maintain its initial profile without any additional device, which had lower risk and less cost. The results are encouraging and show great potential to apply in other flow machineries.


hydraulic torque converter bionic blade boundary layer control drag reduction 


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National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51675219) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016M590261) and Key Scientific and Technological Project of Jilin Province (20170204066GX).


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Copyright information

© Jilin University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunbao Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Chuang Sheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hualong Yang
    • 1
  • Zhe Yuan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical Science and EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of EducationJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Automotive Simulation and ControlJilin UniversityChangchunChina

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