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Fast self-healing and antifouling polyurethane/fluorinated polysiloxane-microcapsules-silica composite material

Abstract

With the rapid development of industrial manufacturing, the demand for superhydrophobic antifouling coatings with excellent mechanical and self-healing properties is increasingly urgent. In this paper, a fast self-healing and antifouling polyurethane/fluorinated polysiloxane-microcapsules-silica (PFPMS) composite material is prepared. Firstly, IPDI@PGMAm/GO microcapsules with compact shell structure are synthesized. Subsequently, the microcapsules together with nano-SiO2 particles are filled in fluorinated polydimethylsiloxane (AHT-FPDMS), which is terminated by alcoholic hydroxyl and contains trifluoropropyl side groups. Finally, PFPMS composite is acquired by cross-linking at room temperature with the aid of hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI). Herein, the strong hydrogen bond can effectively improve the mechanical and bonding strength of PFPMS. By constructing a micro–nano-dual-scale surface formed by the microcapsules and nano-SiO2, the excellent antifouling performance of PFPMS is realized. Furthermore, the isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) core flowing out after ruptures of the microcapsules undergoes a rapid cross-linking reaction with the active hydrogen in the urethane bond at 65 ℃, thereby realizing fast self-healing. The result shows that the PFPMS is beneficial for achieving superior mechanical, antifouling and fast self-healing properties, which are expected to be widely used in self-cleaning, anti-icing, anti-fogging, oil/water separation, drag reduction, as well as the rapidly growing field of microfluidics, sensors and wearable fields.

Graphical abstract

A fast self-healing and antifouling polyurethane/fluorinated polysiloxane-microcapsules-silica (PFPMS) composite material was prepared.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos:52003148;22078077), the State Key Laboratory of Marine Resource Utilization in South China Sea, Hainan University (MRUKF2021023) and the Key Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Shaanxi Province (21JS005), and the start-up funds from the Shaanxi University of Technology (SLGRCQD2004) and the Scientific and Technological Plan of Guangdong Province, China (2019B090905007); the work is also supported by the QingYuan Hua Yan Institute of Science and Technology Collaborative Innovation, Co., Ltd.

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Contributions

Jie Liu was responsible for material synthesis, characterizations, formal analysis and methodology; Nan Zheng was involved in investigation, conceptualization, project administration, writing and methodology; Zonglin Li contributed to characterizations and visualization; Ze Liu carried out data curation; Guoqing Wang participated in characterizations; Lishuang Gui took part in visualization; Lin Jing was involved in writing, revision and project administration.

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Correspondence to Nan Zheng or Jing Lin.

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Highlights

1. Fast self-healing and antifouling composite material was prepared by constructing micro–nanostructure of microcapsules and nano-SiO2.

2. Fast self-healing could be realized by a rapid cross-linking reaction of overflowing IPDI core after ruptures of the microcapsules.

3. Excellent superhydrophobicity and extremely low sliding angle enable the composite material surface with prominent antifouling.

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Liu, J., Zheng, N., Li, Z. et al. Fast self-healing and antifouling polyurethane/fluorinated polysiloxane-microcapsules-silica composite material. Adv Compos Hybrid Mater (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42114-022-00515-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42114-022-00515-1

Keywords

  • Microcapsules
  • Micro–nanosurface
  • Antifouling
  • Fast self-healing
  • Composite material