Preparation, development, outcomes, and application versatility of carbon fiber-based polymer composites: a review


The high strength to weight ratio of carbon fiber has made it as an attractive energy-saving material over the conventional strength-bearing materials like steel. Realizing the trend, the high-weight steel is being progressively replaced by the low-weight and corrosion-resistant carbon fiber composites in many strength applications. The carbon fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composite (PMC) have thereby become forefront material in aerospace, automobile, sporting goods, and other applications which demand high strength and high modulus. Moreover, the gradual reduction of its cost curtsy to the extensive research in the field of carbon fiber technology in recent years has been opened its market in different construction applications. This review is the discussion of carbon fiber loaded a variety of polymer matrix composites where the structural importance of these composites has been emphasized. The objective of this discussion is to provide information on the whole spectrum of carbon fiber-based polymeric composites. It also includes brief discussion about preparation and properties of carbon fibers along with processing, fabrication, and structural applications of these carbon fiber-based polymer composites.

Graphical abstract

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Fig. 1
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Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12



Carbon fiber


Glass fiber


Polymeric matrix composite


Fiber-reinforced polymer composite


Aramid fibers




Ultrahigh modulus


High modulus


Intermediate modulus


Super high tensile strength


High-heat treatment


Intermediate-heat treatment


Low-heat treatment




Polyphenyl sulfide








Resin transfer molding


Electromagnetic interference

T g :

Glass transition temperature




Polylactic acid


Scanning electron microscope


Scanning tunneling microscope


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Das, T.K., Ghosh, P. & Das, N.C. Preparation, development, outcomes, and application versatility of carbon fiber-based polymer composites: a review. Adv Compos Hybrid Mater 2, 214–233 (2019).

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  • Carbon fiber
  • Polymer matrix composite
  • Reinforcement
  • Structural applications