This study examines the progressive collapse in an eccentric braced frame (EBF) with shear link designed through extended progressive collapse analysis algorithm (EPCA) using Iranian codes of practice for seismic resistance. The algorithm can determine the prominent parameters in progressive collapse analysis such as failure modes, failure loads, critical element removal location and damaged building capacity against this occurrence. These parameters can be devised through pushdown and vertical incremental dynamic analysis. It is concluded that for designing such a frame against a progressive collapse, the implemented load factor should be 2.9. The results also indicate that the studied frame is able to absorb the loss of one column and connected brace against loads at least 2.27 times greater than its nominal applied load before the progressive collapse failure mode occurred. Additionally, upon the removal of elements, the shear link is considered as first failure mode in all cases.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Al-Salloum, Y., Abbas, H., Almusallam, T., Ngo, T., & Mendis, P. (2017). Progressive collapse analysis of a typical RC high-rise tower. Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences, 29(4), 313–320.
ASCE7–05. American Society of Civil Engineers (2005) ASCE 7–05: minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. New York
Asgarian, B., & Rezvani, F. H. (2012). Progressive collapse analysis of concentrically braced frames through EPCA algorithm. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 70, 127–136.
Codes, I. n. b (2020) Iranian national building codes for structural design
DoD, U. (2009). Unified facilities criteria: design of buildings to resist progressive collapse. UFC 4–023–03. United States Department of Defense
Elsanadedy, H., Alrubaidi, M., Abbas, H., Almusallam, T., & Al-Salloum, Y. (2021). Progressive collapse risk of 2D and 3D steel-frame assemblies having shear connections. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 179, 106533.
Ferahian, R. H. (1971). Design against progressive collapse. National Research Council of Canada, Division of Building Research,Technical Paper 332 (NRCC 11769)
Fu, F. (2009). Progressive collapse analysis of high-rise building with 3-D finite element modeling method. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 65(6), 1269–1278.
Garg, S., Agrawal, V., & Nagar, R. (2021). Case study on strengthening methods for progressive collapse resistance of RC flat slab buildings. Structures, 29, 1709–1722.
Gholampour, S., Taghipour, R., Felourdi, H. K., & Kutanaei, S. S. (2021). Investigating the effect of rotational components on the progressive collapse of steel structures. Engineering Failure Analysis, 121, 105094.
Gsa, U. (2003). Progressive collapse analysis and design guidelines for new federal office buildings and major modernization projects. Washington, DC.
Huang, B.-T., Wu, J.-Q., Yu, J., Dai, J.-G., Leung, C. K., & Li, V. C. (2021). Seawater sea-sand engineered/strain-hardening cementitious composites (ECC/SHCC): assessment and modeling of crack characteristics. Cement and Concrete Research, 140, 106292.
Khandelwal, K., El-Tawil, S., & Sadek, F. (2009). Progressive collapse analysis of seismically designed steel braced frames. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 65(3), 699–708.
Kim, H.-S., Kim, J., & An, D.-W. (2009). Development of integrated system for progressive collapse analysis of building structures considering dynamic effects. Advances in Engineering Software, 40(1), 1–8.
Kim, J., & Kim, T. (2009). Assessment of progressive collapse-resisting capacity of steel moment frames. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 65(1), 169–179.
Kim, J., Lee, Y., & Choi, H. (2011). Progressive collapse resisting capacity of braced frames. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 20(2), 257–270.
Mazzoni, S., McKenna, F., Scott, M., Fenves, G., Jeremic, B. (2007). OpenSees command language manual
Meng, B., Zhong, W., Hao, J., & Tan, Z. (2019). Improved steel frame performance against progressive collapse with infill panels. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 158, 201–212.
National Institute of Standard and Technology (2007) N. Best practices for reducing the potential for progressive collapse in buildings NISTIR 7396. Technology administration, U.S. Department of Commerce; 2007
Powell G (2005) Progressive collapse: Case studies using nonlinear analysis. In: Structures Congress 2005: Metropolis and Beyond, 2005 (pp. 1–14)
Pretlove, A. (1986). Dynamic effects in fail-safe structural design. In Proceedings, international conference on steel structures: recent advances and their application to design, 1986 (pp. 749–757): Budva Yugoslavia
Rozon, J., Kovoebic, S., Tremblay, R. Study of global behavior of eccentrically braced frames in response to seismic loads. In 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 2008
Ruth, P., Marchand, K. A., & Williamson, E. B. (2006). Static equivalency in progressive collapse alternate path analysis: reducing conservatism while retaining structural integrity. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 20(4), 349–364.
Scalvenzi, M., & Parisi, F. (2021). Progressive collapse capacity of a gravity-load designed RC building partially collapsed during structural retrofitting. Engineering Failure Analysis, 121, 105164.
Starossek, U. (2007). Typology of progressive collapse. Engineering Structures, 29(9), 2302–2307.
Xie, F., Gu, B., & Qian, H. (2020). Experimental study on the dynamic behavior of steel frames during progressive collapse. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 1, 106459.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Salimi, P., Rahimi Bondarabadi, H. Progressive collapse in an eccentric braced frame through extended progressive collapse analysis algorithm. Asian J Civ Eng 22, 975–982 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42107-021-00358-z
- Progressive collapse
- Eccentric braced frame
- Extended progressive collapse algorithm (EPCA)
- Capacity over demand ratio
- Pushdown analysis (PDA)
- Incremental dynamic analysis (IDA)