Advertisement

Cyclic behaviour of steel ring filled with compressive plastic or concrete, installed in the concentric bracing system

  • Mostafa Kazemi
  • Mohammad Ali KafiEmail author
  • Mohammad Hajforoush
  • Ali Kheyroddin
Original Paper
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The present study intended to evaluate the dynamic behaviour of steel ring filled with compressive plastic (SRP) or high-performance fibre-reinforced cementitious composites (SRC) situated at the intersection of the braces. High-performance fibre-reinforced cementitious composites and plastic materials, associated with steel ring connection, seem to be helpful to dissipate the energy through braces better. Therefore, in this paper, the behaviour of SRC and SRP connections was analyzed under cyclic loading. Results showed a steady and relatively wide hysteresis curve for both connections, where the tensile ductility factors of SRP and SRC connections were found to be equal to 2.77 and 13.66, respectively. However, in general, the plastic ring, being operated efficiently to delay appearing the inelastic zone in the SRP connection, was proved to outperform the HPFRCC material in the SRC connection. In addition, numerical results revealed that maximum tensile and compressive loads of SRP connection made with ST52 steel ring were found to be 14% and 10.7%, respectively, higher than those of SRP connection made with ST37 steel ring.

Keywords

SRP connection SRC connection Ductility Energy dissipation Cyclic loading 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

References

  1. Abbasnia, R., Vetr, M. G. H., Ahmadi, R., & Kafi, M. A. (2008). Experimental and analytical investigation on the steel ring ductility. Sharif Journal of Science and Technology, 52, 41–48.Google Scholar
  2. Andalib, Z., Kafi, M. A., Kheyroddin, A., & Bazzaz, M. (2014). Experimental investigation of the ductility and performance of steel rings constructed from plates. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 103, 77–88.Google Scholar
  3. ATC-40. (1996). Guidelines for cyclic seismic testing of components of steel structures. Redwood City: Applied Technology Council.Google Scholar
  4. AzariJafari, H., Amiri, M. J. T., Ashrafian, A., Rasekh, H., Barforooshi, M. J., & Berenjian, J. (2019). Ternary blended cement: an eco-friendly alternative to improve resistivity of high-performance self-consolidating concrete against elevated temperature. Journal of Cleaner Production, 223, 575–586.Google Scholar
  5. AzariJafari, H., Shekarchi, M., Berenjian, J., & Ahmadi, B. (2015). Enhancing workability retention of concrete containing natural zeolite by superplasticizers’ combination. Special Publication, 302, 416–424.Google Scholar
  6. Bazzaz, M., Andalib, Z., Kafi, M. A., & Khyroddin, A. (2015). Evaluating the performance of OBS-C-O in steel frames under monotonic load. Earthquakes and Structures, 8(3), 697–710.Google Scholar
  7. Bazzaz, M., Kheyroddin, A., Kafi, M. A., & Andalib, Z. (2012). Evaluation of the seismic performance of off-centre bracing system with ductile element in steel frames. Steel and Composite Structures, 12(5), 445–464.Google Scholar
  8. Butterworth, J. (2000). Ductile concentrically braced frames using slotted bolted joints. Structural Engineering Society New Zealand, 13, 39–48.Google Scholar
  9. DIN 931-1. (1986). M1.6 to M39 hexagon cap screws partially threaded. Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Normung.Google Scholar
  10. FEMA 356. (2000). Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings. Washington: FEMA.Google Scholar
  11. Gajan, S., & Saravanathiiban, D. S. (2011). Modeling of energy dissipation in structural devices and foundation soil during seismic loading. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 31(3), 1106–1122.Google Scholar
  12. Gholhaki, M., Kheyroddin, A., Hajforoush, M., & Kazemi, M. (2018). An investigation on the fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete incorporating magnetic water with various pozzolanic materials. Construction and Building Materials, 158, 173–180.Google Scholar
  13. Grigorian, C. E., Yang, T. S., & Popov, E. P. (1993). Slotted bolted connection energy dissipaters. Earthquake Spectra, 9(3), 491–504.Google Scholar
  14. Hajforoush, M., Madandoust, R., & Kazemi, M. (2019). Effects of simultaneous utilization of natural zeolite and magnetic water on engineering properties of self-compacting concrete. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 20(2), 289–300.Google Scholar
  15. Hemmati, A., Kheyroddin, A., Sharbatdar, M., Park, Y., & Abolmaali, A. (2016). Ductile behavior of high-performance fiber reinforced cementitious composite (HPFRCC) frames. Construction and Building Materials, 115, 681–689.Google Scholar
  16. Hibbitt, D., Karlsson, B., & Sorensen, P. (2011). ABAQUS standard user’s manual. Version (6.11-3). Dassault Systemes Simulia Corp. Providence, Rhode Island, USA.Google Scholar
  17. Jahandari, S. (2015). Laboratory study of moisture and capillarity impact on lime concrete resistance due to the increase of ground water level. MSc thesis, Faculty of Civil and Surveying Engineering, Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran.Google Scholar
  18. Jahandari, S., Li, J., Saberian, M., & Shahsavarigoughari, M. (2017). Experimental study of the effects of geogrids on elasticity modulus, brittleness, strength, and stress-strain behavior of lime stabilized kaolinitic clay. GeoResJ, 13, 49–58.Google Scholar
  19. Jahandari, S., Saberian, M., Tao, Z., Faridfazel Mojtahedi, S., Li, J., Ghasemi, M., et al. (2019). Effects of saturation degrees, freezing thawing, and curing on geotechnical properties of lime and lime-cement concretes. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 160, 242–251.Google Scholar
  20. Khotbehsara, M. M., Miyandehi, B. M., Naseri, F., Ozbakkaloglu, T., Jafari, F., & Mohseni, E. (2018). Effect of SnO2, ZrO2, and CaCO3 nanoparticles on water transport and durability properties of self-compacting mortar containing fly ash: experimental observations and ANFIS predictions. Construction and Building Materials, 158, 823–834.Google Scholar
  21. Kortiš, J., Gocál, J., Bednár, M., & Bátorek, V. (2015). Use of orthotropic plastic material for stress analysis of doubleshear-plane timber-steel structural connection. Procedia Engineering, 111, 431–435.Google Scholar
  22. Madandoust, R., Bazkiyaei, Z. F. Z., & Kazemi, M. (2018). Factor influencing point load tests on concrete. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 19(8), 937–947.Google Scholar
  23. Madandoust, R., & Kazemi, M. (2017). Numerical analysis of breakoff test method on concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 151, 487–493.Google Scholar
  24. Madandoust, R., Kazemi, M., & Moghadam, S. Y. (2017). Analytical study on tensile strength of concrete. Romanian Journal of Materials, 47(2), 204–209.Google Scholar
  25. Mazloom, M., Gholipour, M., & Ghasemi, M. (2019). Evaluating inelastic performance of mega-scale bracing systems in low- and medium-rise structures. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 20(3), 383–393.Google Scholar
  26. Mualla, I. H., & Belev, B. (2002). Performance of steel frame with a new friction damper device under earthquake excitation. Engineering Structures, 24(3), 365–371.Google Scholar
  27. Murthy, C. K., & Narayan, A. (2005) Application of visco-hyperelastic devices in structural response control. Masters Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA.Google Scholar
  28. Naaman, A. E., & Reinhardt, H. W. (2003). High performance fiber reinforced cement composites HPFRCC-4: international RILEM workshop Ann Arbor, Michigan. Materials and Structures, 36(264), 710–712.Google Scholar
  29. Oh, S. H., Kim, Y. J., & Ryu, H. S. (2009). seismic performance of steel structures with slit dampers. Engineering Structures, 31(9), 1997–2008.Google Scholar
  30. Pall, A. S., & Marsh, C. (1982). Response of Friction Damped Braced Frames. Journal of Structural Engineering, 108(ST6), 1313–1323.Google Scholar
  31. Parra-Montesinos, G.J. (2000) Seismic behavior, strength and retrofit of RC column-to-steel beam connections. Report No. UMCEE 00-09, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 296 pp.Google Scholar
  32. Parra-Montesinos, G. J. (2005). High-performance fiber-reinforced cement composites: an alternative for seismic design of structures. ACI Structural Journal, 102(5), 668–675.Google Scholar
  33. Parra-Montesinos, G. J., Peterfreund, S. W., & Chao, S. H. (2005). Highly damage-tolerant beam-column joints through use of high-performance fiber-reinforced cement composites. ACI Structural Journal, 102(3), 487–495.Google Scholar
  34. Saberian, M., Li, J., & Cameron, D. (2019). Effect of crushed glass on behavior of crushed recycled pavement materials together with crumb rubber for making a clean green base and subbase. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 31(7), 1–7.Google Scholar
  35. Saberian, M., Mehrinejad Khotbehsara, M., Jahandari, S., Vali, R., & Li, J. (2018). Experimental and phenomenological study of the effects of adding shredded tire chips on geotechnical properties of peat. International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 12(4), 347–356.Google Scholar
  36. Sadrmomtazi, A., Tahmouresi, B., & Saradar, A. (2018a). Effects of silica fume on mechanical strength and microstructure of basalt fiber reinforced cementitious composites (BFRCC). Construction and Building Materials, 162, 321–333.Google Scholar
  37. Sadrmomtazi, A., Tajasosi, S., & Tahmouresi, B. (2018b). Effect of materials proportion on rheology and mechanical strength and microstructure of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC). Construction and Building Materials, 187, 1103–1112.Google Scholar
  38. Saghafi, M. H., Shariatmadar, H., & Kheyroddin, A. (2019). Seismic behavior of high-performance fiber-reinforced cement composites beam-column connection with high damage tolerance. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 13, 14.Google Scholar
  39. Sakthivel, P. B., Govindasami, S., & Suman, N. S. (2019). Flexural performance of hybrid popropylene-polyolefin FRC composites. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 20, 515–526.Google Scholar
  40. Saradar, A., Tahmouresi, B., Mohseni, E., & Shadmani, A. (2018). Restrained shrinkage cracking of fiber-reinforced high-strength concrete. Fibers, 6(12), 1–13.Google Scholar
  41. Shanthi, R., & Jagannatha Reddy, H. N. (2019). Comparative investigation on effect of fibers in the flexural response of post tensioned beam. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 20, 527–536.Google Scholar
  42. Tehranizadeh, M. (2001). Passive energy dissipation device for typical steel frame building in Iran. Engineering Structures, 23(6), 643–655.Google Scholar
  43. Thomopoulos, K., & Koltsakis, E. (2003). Connections of CHS concrete-filled diagonals of X-bracings. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 59(6), 665–678.Google Scholar
  44. Vali, R., Khotbehsara, E. M., Saberian, M., Li, J., Mehrinejad, M., & Jahandari, S. (2019). A three-dimensional numerical comparison of bearing capacity and settlement of tapered and under-reamed piles. International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 13(3), 236–248.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mostafa Kazemi
    • 1
  • Mohammad Ali Kafi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mohammad Hajforoush
    • 2
  • Ali Kheyroddin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of GuilanRashtIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringSemnan UniversitySemnanIran

Personalised recommendations