Advertisement

Asian Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 501–511 | Cite as

Developing green cement paste using binary and ternary cementitious blends of low pozzolanic sewage sludge ash and colloidal nanosilica (short-term properties)

  • Hadi Bahadori
  • Payam Hosseini
Original Paper

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of small dosages of nanosilica (0.5 and 1.5% of the total binder) on physical, mechanical, durability, and microstructural properties of green cement paste containing sewage sludge ash (SSA) with low pozzolanic activity. Experimental results revealed that hardened performances of cement pastes were reduced significantly by incorporating SSA particles at higher replacement ratios (> 10%), whereas mechanical and durability properties of cement paste specimens were improved by the addition of nanosilica both at early and moderate ages. According to the microstructural investigation, the activity of SSA particles in the presence of nanosilica can be improved.

Keywords

Waste management Cement paste Sewage sludge ash Low pozzolanic activity Colloidal nanosilica 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors express their gratitude to Urmia University and Urmia Water and Wastewater Engineering Co., for their valuable supports in fulfilling this study.

References

  1. ASTM C109. (2002a). Standard test method for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars. In Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  2. ASTM C348. (2002b). Standard test method for flexural strength of hydraulic-cement mortars. In Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  3. ASTM C150. (2004a). Standard specification for Portland cement. In Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  4. ASTM C191. (2004b). Standard test method for time of setting of hydraulic cement by Vicat Needle. In Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  5. ASTM C 618. (2003). Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use in concrete. In Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  6. Bahadori, H., & Hosseini, P. (2012). Reduction of cement consumption by the aid of silica nano-particles (investigation on concrete properties). Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 18, 416–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Collins, F. G., & Sanjayan, J. G. (1998). Early age strength and workability of slag pastes activated by NaOH and Na2CO3. Cement and Concrete Research, 28, 655–664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cusson, D., Qian, S., & Hoogeveen, T. (2006). Field performance of concrete repair systems on highway bridge. ACI Materials Journal, 103, 366–373.Google Scholar
  9. Donatello, S., Freeman-Pask, A., Tyrer, M., et al. (2010). Effect of milling and acid washing on the pozzolanic activity of incinerator sewage sludge ash. Cement & Concrete Composites, 32, 54–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Flatt, R. J., Roussel, N., & Cheeseman, C. R. (2012). Concrete: An eco material that needs to be improved. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 32(11), 2787–2798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Garces, P., Perez Carrion, M., Garcia-Alcocel, E., et al. (2008). Mechanical and physical properties of cement blended with sewage sludge ash. Waste Management, 28, 2495–2502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gu, P., Xie, P., Beaudoin, J. J., et al. (1992). AC impedance spectroscopy (II): microstructural characterization of hydrating cement-silica fume systems. Cement and Concrete Research, 23, 157–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. He, X., & Shi, X. (2008). Chloride permeability and microstructure of Portland cement mortars incorporating nanomaterials. Journal of Transportation Research Record, 2070, 13–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hosseini, P., Abolhasani, M., Mirzaei, F., et al. (2018). Influence of two types of nanosilica hydrosols on short-term properties of sustainable white Portland cement mortar. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0002152.Google Scholar
  15. Hosseini, P., Booshehrian, A., & Farshchi, S. (2010). Influence of nano-SiO2 addition on microstructure and mechanical properties of cement mortars for ferrocement. Journal of Transportation Research Record, 2141, 15–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hosseini, P., Booshehrian, A., & Madari, A. (2011). Developing concrete recycling strategies by utilization of nano-SiO2 particles. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 2, 347–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hosseinpourpia, R., Varshoee, A., Soltani, M., et al. (2012). Production of waste bio-fiber cement-based composites reinforced with nano-SiO2 particles as a substitute for asbestos cement composites. Construction and Building Materials, 31, 105–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jiménez, C., Barra, M., Josa, A., et al. (2015). LCA of recycled and conventional concretes designed using the equivalent mortar volume and classic methods. Construction and Building Materials, 84, 245–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Khaloo, A., Mobini, M. H., & Hosseini, P. (2016). Influence of different types of nano-SiO2 particles on properties of high-performance concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 113, 188–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lanzon, M., & Garcia-Ruiz, P. A. (2008). Lightweight cement mortars: Advantages and inconveniences of expanded perlite and its influence on fresh and hardened state and durability. Construction and Building Materials, 22, 1798–1806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lin, K. L., Chang, W. C., Lin, D. F., et al. (2008a). Effects of nano-SiO2 and different ash particle sizes on sludge ash–cement mortar. Journal of Environmental Management, 88, 708–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lin, D. F., Lin, K. L., & Chang, W. C. (2008b). Improvements of nano-SiO2 on sludge/fly ash mortar. Waste Management, 28, 1081–1087.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Luo, H. L., Chang, W. C., & Lin, D. F. (2009). The effects of different types of nano-silicon dioxide additives on the properties of sludge ash mortar. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 59, 440–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Monzo, J., Paya, J., Borrachero, M. V., et al. (2003). Reuse of sewage sludge ashes (SSA) in cement mixtures: the effect of SSA on the workability of cement mortars. Waste Management, 23, 373–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nguyen, V. H., Remond, S., Gallias, J. L., et al. (2006). Flow of Herschel-Bulkley fluids through the Marsh cone. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 139, 128–134.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  26. Pan, S. C., Tseng, D. H., Lee, C. C., et al. (2003). Influence of the fineness of sewage sludge ash on the mortar properties. Cement and Concrete Research, 33, 1749–1754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pavlík, Z., Fort, J., Zaleska, M., et al. (2016). Energy-efficient thermal treatment of sewage sludge for its application in blended cements. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 409–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pera, J., Boumaza, R., & Ambroise, J. (1997). Development of a pozzolanic pigment from red mud. Cement and Concrete Research, 27, 1513–1522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Poorjavadi, A., Fakoorpoor, S. M., Khaloo, A. R., et al. (2012). Improving the performance of cement-based composites containing superabsorbent polymers by utilization of nano-SiO2 particles. Materials and Design, 42, 94–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Qing, Y., Zenan, Z., Deyu, K., et al. (2007). Influence of nano-SiO2 addition on properties of hardened cement paste as compared with silica fume. Construction and Building Materials, 21, 539–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Salvador, S. (1995). Pozzolanic properties of flash-calcined kaolinite: A comparative study with soak-calcined products. Cement and Concrete Research, 25, 102–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Takdastan, A., Azimi, A.A., & Torabian, A. (2006). Investigation of production volume of sewage sludge in Iran and procedures for reducing sludge production in aerobic biological sewage treatment processes. In Proceeding of 3rd National Conference on Reducing Environmental Risks in Iran. Ahvaz (in Persian).Google Scholar
  33. Tay, J. H., & Show, K. Y. (1994). Municipal wastewater sludge as cementitious and blended cement materials. Cement & Concrete Composites, 16, 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tseng, D. H., Pan, S. C., & Lee, C. (2000). Enhancement of pozzolanic activity and morphology of sewage sludge ash by calcination. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Environmental Engineering, 10, 261–270.Google Scholar
  35. Yazdanbakhsh, A., Grasley, Z., Tyson, B., et al. (2010). Distribution of carbon nanofibers and nanotubes in cementitious composites. Journal of Transportation Research Record, 2142, 89–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering, College of EngineeringUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran
  2. 2.Constructed Facilities Laboratory, Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations