Effect of Terminal Drought on Arginine Content in Peanut Genotypes with Difference in Levels of Drought Resistance

  • Chorkaew Aninbon
  • Sanun JogloyEmail author
  • Nimitr Vorasoot
  • Suporn Nuchadomrong
  • Corley C. Holbrook
  • Craig Kvien
  • Aran Patanothai


Drought is a problem for peanut production as drought at any growth stage generally reduces pod yield and alters protein and amino acid compositions in kernels. The aim of work was to examine effects of terminal drought on arginine content in kernels of peanut genotypes with different levels of drought tolerance. Five peanut genotypes were planted under two water treatments, field capacity (FC) and 1/3 available water (1/3 AW). Arginine content, physiological traits and pod yield were recorded at harvest. The results showed that drought increased arginine content in sensitive and resistant genotypes, and the increase in arginine content was highest in sensitive genotype (Tainan 9). The variation in arginine content in peanut depended on peanut genotype rather than the level of drought resistance. No correlation between arginine content and drought-resistance physiological traits and pod yield were not found. These findings indicated that arginine content and resistance to terminal drought in a peanut may be improved simultaneously through selection in a breeding program.


Groundnuts Amino acids Water deficit Drought tolerance Pod filling stage 



The authors are grateful for the joint financial support of the Royal Golden Jubilee Ph.D. program and Khon Kaen University, the Peanut and Jerusalem Artichoke Improvement for Functional Food Research Group, Khon Kaen University and the Thailand Research Fund (TRF) for providing financial supports to this research through the Senior Research Scholar Project of Professor Dr. Sanun Jogloy (Project no. RTA 6180002).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chorkaew Aninbon
    • 1
  • Sanun Jogloy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nimitr Vorasoot
    • 1
  • Suporn Nuchadomrong
    • 2
  • Corley C. Holbrook
    • 3
  • Craig Kvien
    • 4
  • Aran Patanothai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.USDA-ARSTiftonUSA
  4. 4.Crop and Soil SciencesThe University of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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