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The CT features of ovarian cystadenofibroma and the differences between benign serous OCAFs and mucinous OCAFs

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Abstract

Aim

To summarize and explore computed tomography (CT) characteristics of ovarian cystadenofibromas (OCAFs) to help identify the differences in the imaging signature between serous and mucinous OCAFs.

Materials and methods

The pre-operative CT images of 66 cases of pathologically confirmed ovarian OCAFs in 54 patients were reviewed. The CT image characteristics of OCAFs with different histological types were recorded and analyzed.

Results

The histological results showed there were 51 benign serous OCAFs, 10 benign mucinous OCAFs, and 5 borderline OCAFs. CT features, including tumor size, unilocular cystic masses, multilocular cystic masses, and an “anti-sieve” sign of a cystic–solid mass were statistically significant for differentiating between the benign serous group and mucinous OCAF group (P < 0.05). Although the incidence of trabecular and carpet-like patterns in benign mucinous OCAFs was relatively higher than that in serous OCAFs, there was no statistical difference. Due to the small sample of borderline OCAF cases in this study (n = 5), statistical analysis was not applicable in this group.

Conclusion

There were significant differences in the incidence of CT features between benign serous OCAFs and mucinous OCAFs in terms of tumor size, uni- and multilocular findings, and anti-sieve signs, suggesting that these CT features may have certain value in differentiating benign serous from mucinous OCAFs.

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Data availability statement

We are sorry that the data cannot be shared openly, to protect study participant privacy. The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available due [REASON(S) WHY DATA ARE NOT PUBLIC] but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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Funding

The Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province in China (Grant No. 2023-MS-352).

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Correspondence to Jingjing Lu or Zhe Wu.

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The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article, the author(s) or author(s) institutions have no conflicts of interest.

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We (the authors) declare that Ethics Committee approval has been obtained, details of which can be found in the Materials and methods section as requested.

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The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee of the Hospital and written informed consent was acquired from all the patients.

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Sun, L., Chen, X., Tian, L. et al. The CT features of ovarian cystadenofibroma and the differences between benign serous OCAFs and mucinous OCAFs. Chin J Acad Radiol 7, 130–136 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42058-024-00137-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42058-024-00137-0

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