Diagnostic utility of conventional transbronchial needle aspiration in older patients
In older patients, diagnosis and initial treatment should be considered as soon as possible because of high disease burden and complications. Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA) is an important and safe method for the diagnosis of mediastinal lesions and staging lung cancer in the general population. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility and complications of C-TBNA procedure in older patients aged ≥ 65 years.
We retrospectively evaluated C-TBNA results consecutively. Demographic data, clinical, radiological and flexible bronchoscopy (FB) findings, complications during C-TBNA and incidence of diagnostic C-TBNA with the presence of abundant lymphoid cells of polymorphous appearance both in patients aged ≥ 65 years and in younger patients were determined.
C-TBNA was performed to a total of 317 patients, including 109 older and 208 younger patients attended to our clinic between 2012 and 2016. The mean ages of older and younger patients were 70.3 ± 4.6 and 52.5 ± 10 years, respectively (p < 0.001). Overall, 75.2% of older and 80.3% of younger patients had diagnostic C-TBNA. The diagnostic utility of C-TBNA did not differ significantly between older and younger patients (p = 0.297). During C-TBNA, one older patient had a complication of bronchospasm, and four younger patients had complications such as bleeding (n = 1) and bronchospasm (n = 3). There was no statistically significant difference between older and younger patients in terms of complications during C-TBNA procedure (p = 0.49).
C-TBNA is a safe procedure with similar diagnostic yield in older patients.
KeywordsElderly Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration Diagnosis Complication
No funding was received for this research.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial or non-financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.
This study was approved by the local Ethics Committee of Hacettepe University (registered under GO 16/616). All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
For this retrospective study formal consent is not required.
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